Canto 9 Summary and Analysis
Three Furies: Queen Medusa’s handmaids: Alecto, Magaera, Tisiphone
The Heavenly Messenger: Helper to Virgil and Dante; possibly St. Paul
The Heretics: In open graves; had trusted reason rather than the church
Medusa: Evil, serpent-haired goddess; could turn people to stone
Dante begins to lose hope when Virgil is denied entrance to the City of Dis. Even Virgil is pale at this point. Dante asks Virgil if he has ever made the trip before and Virgil tells him that he had once gone to the City of Dis at the insistence of a witch named Erichtho. Virgil’s task at that time had been...
(The entire section is 758 words.)