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Canto 8 Summary and Analysis

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Phlegyas: The mariner on the Styx who comes for Dante and Virgil

Filippo Argenti: Florentine resident; had differed politically with Dante

At the top of the tower Dante and Virgil see two sparks of light; in the distance two sparks answer and Phlegyas, the angry oarsman, arrives. Phlegyas does not like the fact that Dante and Virgil are only visitors and not to be permanent residents of the area.

Dante expresses anger toward the soul in the mud who tries to hold their boat. Dante expresses this contempt toward the man—whom he recognizes. Virgil commends Dante for his expression of contempt toward the shade and agrees with Dante’s actions.

Virgil goes to the gates of the City of Dis, or Lower Hell. In the lower regions, more serious sins find greater punishment. The enemy, however, slams the gate in Virgil’s face. When Virgil is unable to enter, he calls to ask for help.

Discussion and Analysis
The ferryman Phlegyas may be the same mythological Greek King who burned Apollo’s temple upon finding that Apollo was in love with his daughter. Apollo killed Phlegyas and condemned Phlegyas to Hades. Because of his own wrathful and sacrilegious actions, Phlegyas would be an appropriate oarsman between the Wrathful and Impious Souls.

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(The entire section is 453 words.)