(Masterpieces of American Literature)

Dance Hall of the Dead is the second novel to feature the Navajo lieutenant Joe Leaphorn. The novel, which deals with a Navajo boy impossibly trying to become a Zuni, highlights the vast differences between Native American cultures. The title is an example of this: For the Zuni, the dead may dance with their ancestors, while for the Navajo, death is so malignant a force that the living must be cleansed from its touch.

The novel opens with a Zuni boy, Ernesto Cata, re-creating himself as the little Fire God, resting after exercising to prepare for participating in the ritual when the god Shalako comes from the Dance Hall of the Dead. In the guise of this god he must be ready to run, chant, and dance all night. As he ties his track shoes, he thinks about the festival and about his homework, all inextricably tied together. This easy interweaving of myth and daily life shows how myths and beliefs intersect in daily life in the Southwest world that Hillerman writes about. Ernesto’s thoughts in this opening chapter bring up all the tangled characters and threads of the novel: the archaeologists at the dig in the shadow of the mesa, where his best friend George Bowlegs had rummaged among the Doctor’s arrowheads and taken something; the dopers at the nearby hippie commune for whom George had collected cactus buttons; and George himself, who wants so much to be a Zuni but cannot because he is a Navajo. George had asked so many questions that Ernesto...

(The entire section is 551 words.)