Trumbo, Dalton 1905–1976

Trumbo was an American novelist, dramatist, screenwriter, and nonfiction writer. His work reveals a powerful and passionate voice, as in his antiwar novel, Johnny Got His Gun. Trumbo's Communist party membership resulted in an eight-month prison term after he refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee. He was subsequently blacklisted by the movie industry, but continued to write screenplays under several pseudonyms. His unfinished last novel, The Night of the Aurochs, was edited and published posthumously. (See also Contemporary Authors, Vols. 21-24, rev. ed.; obituary, Vols. 69-72.)