Czesław Miłosz 1911–
Polish poet, essayist, novelist, and translator.
Miłosz was born in Lithuania and now resides in the United States. An early preoccupation with the history, politics, and landscape of his native country matured into a philosophy of poetry which Miłosz characterizes as the "consciousness of an epoch." Considered one of Poland's greatest poets, Miłosz also attained world-wide attention with his study of the effects of Communism on creativity, The Captive Mind. Miłosz won the 1980 Nobel Prize for Literature.
(See also CLC, Vols. 5, 11, and Contemporary Authors, Vols. 81-84.)