Custer Died for Your Sins Additional Summary

Vine Deloria Jr.


(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Further Reading

Biolsi, Thomas, and Larry J. Zimmerman, eds. Indians and Anthropologists: Vine Deloria, Jr., and the Critique of Anthropology. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1997. A collection of essays by Native American and other scholars examining how the relationship between anthropologists and American Indians changed since Deloria criticized anthropologists in Custer Died for Your Sins. The concluding essay, “Anthros, Indians, and Planetary Reality,” is written by Deloria.

Carriker, Robert C. “The American Indian from the Civil War to the Present.” In Historians and the American West, edited by Michael P. Malone. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983. This collection of seventeen essays on the historiography of the West is a “critical examination of past and present [literature] while ruminating about the future.” Carriker criticizes Deloria for being more political than historical in his writings.

Grounds, Richard A., Grant E. Tinker, and David E. Wilkins, eds. Native Voices: American Indian Identity and Resistance. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2003. A collection of essays by Native Americans discussing the issues facing American Indians at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Two essays, “Vine Deloria, Jr., and the Development of a Decolonizing Critique of Indigenous Peoples and International Relations” by Glenn T. Morris and “Contours of Enlightenment: Reflections on Science, Theology, Law, and the Alternative Vision of Vine Deloria, Jr.” by Ward Churchill, assess how Deloria’s writings have shaped American Indian scholarship and provide insights into his ideas. Also includes an essay by Deloria, “The Passage of Generations.”

Pavlik, Steve, and Daniel R. Wildcat, eds. Destroying Dogma: Vine Deloria, Jr., and His Influence on American Society. Golden, Colo.: Fulcrum, 2006. A tribute to Deloria. The essayists measure his influence and discuss his ideas, particularly his belief that dogma is the enemy of critical thinking.

Ruoff, A. Lavonne. American Indian Literatures: An Introduction, Bibliographic Review, and Selected Bibliography. New York: Modern Language Association, 1990. Reference has a helpful look at types of life histories and oral literatures to be found in Native American tradition. Comments on Deloria’s “keen wit, sharp satire, and political insight.”

Steiner, Stan. The New Indians. New York: Dell, 1968. Contains comments on Deloria and his place in the Red Power movement, providing a context for the issues raised in Custer Died for Your Sins.