Who is Elizabeth Proctor in "The Crucible" and what insights does she have about John and herself?

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Initially, Elizabeth Proctor is depicted as a cold, callous wife who has not forgiven John for his affair with Abigail Williams. However, Elizabeth experiences a change of heart after she is arrested and accused of witchcraft. When Elizabeth witnesses her husband risk his positive reputation by admitting adultery, she acknowledges his love and integrity by lying to the judges in an attempt to save her husband's name.

In act 4, Elizabeth visits John in his prison cell and is portrayed as a loyal, compassionate wife who genuinely loves her husband and is willing to support any decision he chooses to make regarding his fate. Elizabeth demonstrates personal insight by acknowledging her character flaws when she tells John

John, I counted myself so plain, so poorly made, no honest love could come to me! Suspicion kissed you when I did; I never knew how I should say my love. It were a cold house I kept!

John then proceeds to tear his confession and comments that he has finally found some goodness in himself as he accepts his fate. While John is being taken to the gallows to die a martyr, Reverend Hale begs Elizabeth to stop her husband. Elizabeth demonstrates her insight into John by allowing him to become a martyr. She understands that John has found redemption and is willing to stand by as he accepts his fate. Elizabeth illustrates her insight into John by saying,

He [John] have his goodness now. God forbid I take it from him!

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Elizabeth is a good woman, confident in herself, aware of her own faults and yet moral in her own right.

She understands that John has cheated on her, but she confesses to having led him astray by keeping a cold house or cold presence in her relationship to him. She deprived him of intimacy.

By the end of the book, she sees that John has indeed "got his goodness now" as he feels like by not lying about being involved in witchcraft he is doing right by his God. If he is to be hanged, he feels it justified maybe on another level as he knows he deserves punishment for the sin of adultery.

Her knowledge of her driving him to cheat is a great example of insight into herself.

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