What fear is evident in the philosophy "In unity still lay the best promise of safety"?

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Once the witch trials begin, and all the accusations begin to fly, the town is consumed with paranoia.  The individual's only form of defense against accusation is to be considered a supporter of the court and to defend their work to root out witches in Salem. 

The authorities of Salem stand at the head of the community along with the judges and magistrates who have come to Salem to rid the town of witches.  If you do not stand with them, you stand against them.  If you remain unified with the powers of the church, the court and the good citizens of Salem, you are safe.

It doesn't matter if they're right or not, your life depends on your ability to stand with the court.

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In The Crucible, what Puritan primary fear is apparent in the philosophy, "In unity still lay the best promise of safety"?

Miller's stage directions to open the drama help to give some theoretical underpinnings to the Salem condition.  These help to illuminate why the Witch Trials took hold in a place like Salem, reflective of much in Colonial American life.  The idea of "unity" being synonymous with "safety" was a part of this.  Miller's idea here is that the philosophy of Salem did not permit for dissent and individualism.  Rather, conformity and being part of the larger group was seen as a source of safety for individuals.  If individuals did not possess individual elements of identity and did not "stick out," they felt protected by the group.  They felt that safety would be part of their existence if they did not hold onto any ideas of being individualist or being different.  If the group was wrong, there was still safety.  In a world of forests where "the unknown lurked" or conditions of the world which lay beyond the grasp of the individual, there could still be safety in remaining with the group.  The collective entity helped to provide a place where people could experience hope, love, or even the mere need to belong.  Miller makes it clear that this philosophy trumped all else.  It is for this reason that children were reared to be mini- adults, the "predilection" in minding other people's business, and demonstrate a firm demonstration of what was seen as "right" and that which was seen as "wrong."  In Salem, the fear of the unknown and the fear of not having "an answer" for it helped to drive the idea that in unity existed the best hope for safety in a condition.  It represented a vain and futile hope to escape from the larger questions that plagued individual consciousness that few, if any, could hope to answer.

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Considering The Crucible, what Puritan primary fear is apparent in philosophy, "In unity still lay the best promise of safety"?

The fear expressed in this quote relates to a sense of "cultural life". The Puritans fled persecution and sought out a place where they could practice their religion outwardly as they pleased. The choice to establish a life in America was a choice of cultural life. 

This group's religion and the practices that went along with it served to define the community. Survival of these practices and institutions was identical with survival in general, in the cultural thinking of the group. 

Unity, therefore, was the best and only defense against the threat of "cultural death" wherein the institutions that gave the group its identity would be lost, eroded, or otherwise weakened or replaced. 

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