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Danforth has become a victim of his own logic, so to speak, when (in Act Four) it is now too late for him to do the right thing without losing his authority and calling into question the guilty verdicts of all those people who have already been hanged for witchcraft.  When he learns that two of the girls have stolen Parris's life savings and run away and that people in the town are close to rioting as a result of the more recent verdicts, he says to Hale that he cannot postpone because 

Postponement now speaks a floundering on my part; reprieve or pardon must cast doubt upon the guilt of them that died till now.  While I speak God's law, I will not crack its voice with whimpering.  If retaliation is your fear, know this -- I should hang ten thousand that dared to rise against the law, and an ocean of salt tears could not melt the resolution of the statutes.

He says that he cannot pardon or delay this day's hangings because it would not be just.  However, hanging any innocent person is not just!  But it is too late for him to even accept this as a possibility -- that they have condemned and executed innocents -- because there is nothing he can do about it now without undermining the court and himself.  He is trapped and can do nothing but move forward, even if that means he is hanging the innocent.

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In The Crucible, how is Danforth a victim of his own logic?

Danforth, in my opinion, is one of the most interesting characters in this excellent play, precisely for the reason that you have suggested in your question. Having so cogently and authoritively "proven" that the people convicted of witchcraft have trafficked with the devil, when Mary Warren brings her charge against Abigail, he leaves himself open to attack from Abigail and the other girls. By giving the girls such power and authority, and using them as the main "proof" of witchery, it seems as if he has placed his head in a noose that it cannot be removed from. Note the way in which Abigail responds to his questions about the veracity of what she has "experienced":

I have been hurt, Mr. Danforth; I have seen my blood runnin' out! I have been near to murdered every day because I done my duty pointing out the Devil's people--and this is my reward? To be mistrusted, denied, questioned like a--

In response to this, Danforth replies in a "weakening" tone, that clearly indicates the way that he is somewhat intimidated himself by Abigail. Abigail, indeed, is so sure of her position that she feels confident enough to suggest that Danforth himself might be open to the charge of witchery.

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