What is Reverend Hale's role in Act 3 of The Crucible?

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In Act 3 of "The Crucible," Reverend Hale serves as a bridge between the accused citizens and the Court, displaying more rationality than the judges. He advocates for Giles Corey's evidence, supports John Proctor, and challenges Danforth's authority. Hale realizes the Court's bias and flaws, especially when it disregards the truth, leading him to denounce the Court and remove himself from the proceedings.

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In Act III, Reverend Hale acts as an intermediary between the citizens whose wives have been accused of witchcraft and the Court. Reverend Hale is more rational than the judges, and he petitions Deputy Governor Danforth to listen to Giles Corey's evidence. Hale also supports John Proctor by asking the judges to listen to Mary Warren's testimony against Abigail Williams. When Danforth begins to question Proctor's reputation, Hale begs Danforth not to judge John's character on the number of times he attended church. Reverend Hale also challenges Danforth's authority after the judge demands warrants for the ninety-one citizens who signed the petition declaring that Rebecca, Elizabeth, and Martha are upright Christian women. Reverend Hale realizes that the entire Court is flawed and begs Danforth to let him represent John Proctor. Hale finally removes himself from the proceedings and denounces the Court after John Proctor and Giles Corey are sent to jail.

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In Act 3 of The Crucible Reverend Hale serves as a liaison between the courts (Danforth, Parris, and Hathorne) and the accused (Proctor, Corey, and Nurse).  While Hale previously has been on the side of the courts, Hale now believes the trials are bigger than previously believed.  He begs Danforth to send Proctor home for a lawyer, but Danforth refuses to allow it.

Once Danforth tests Elizabeth about John's adultery, Hale again pleads with the court to understand.  Yes, Elizabeth lied, but "it was a a natural lie to tell." hale realizes that Elizabeth lies to save her husband's good name. As Reverend Hale transforms his character, Act III is pivotal is showing him the ugly truth behind the trials.  When he "quits the court" at the end of the act, it is because he believes that the courts are so biased that they cannot and will not listen to the truth.

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