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Examine the themes of dislocation and loss in Ice-Candy Man.

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In *Ice-Candy Man*, the themes of dislocation and loss are explored through the political upheaval of Partition, which arbitrarily divided India and caused widespread violence and displacement. Communities that once coexisted were torn apart, leading to brutal violence and social dislocation, particularly affecting women who experienced gendered violence. Families were forced to abandon their homes and identities, symbolizing the profound dislocation and loss experienced by millions.

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Dislocation and loss are twin themes that work on different levels in Cracking India or Ice- Candy Man.  The most evident level is the political one. Partition was a moment in India history where dislocation and loss were intrinsic to its very being.  The subcontinent that was once whole and intact was "cracked" along the most arbitrary of lines by men in the position of power that had little regard for the millions of lives that were lost in the process.  Dislocation and loss was evident in the story's setting of Lahore, where Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, and Parsee lived amongst one another for so long, only to be transformed by the most arbitrary and yet political of machinations.  This resulted in dislocation, as Hindus who lived on "the wrong side" had to move and Muslims who "lived on the wrong side" were dislocated. Sikhs struggled to identify which land was "theirs" and other groups found themselves dislocated and dislodged from what they initially believed to be home.  The savage violence and brutality that were the results yielded unimaginable loss.  

When one dissects the violence and brutality, Sidhwa makes it clear that this experience was different for women than it was for men.  Certainly, Sidhwa demonstrates that men suffered brutally violent deaths and disfiguring as a result of Partition.  Yet, she also suggests that the violence that was perpetrated in Partition was done so in a particularly sexist manner towards women.  The orgy of violence that resulted in Partition resulted in the rapes and violations of women. Men used Partition as an excuse for violence against women. Such heinous displays of savage brutality reveals a social dislocation, as women were "raped" twice.  They were dislocated socially, experiencing rejection and dislocation because they lacked a community.  At the same time, there was unimaginable loss as many of these women were discarded and silenced.  The ugly underbelly of Partition that Sidhwa reveals is that the people in the position of power were men.  Even the most powerless of men had more power than women during Partition.  The result is that women experienced an almost doubly painful experience of loss and dislocation.

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Examine the twin themes of dislocation and sense of loss in the novel Ice - Candy Man.

Dislocation and loss are present in Sidhwa's Ice- Candy Man, or Cracking India.  The idea that Partition is depicted as an arbitrary force, something that the British and Indian politicians designed but could never foresee the disastrous results.  The community of heterogeneous Indians that were present in Lenny's wife are all divided and separated as Partition becomes a reality in the post- British India.  The onslaught of violence that accompanies Partition creates situations where families have to leave their homes and abandon parts of their identity because of threats to the safety:  "Military trucks arrive in Pir Pindo to evacuate Muslims to safer places but the Muslim peasants are confused. They can't leave their home, property and harvest all of a sudden."  For people who are so strongly tied to land and the generations that preceded them in those areas, Partition is depicted as a modern construction that fails to take into account how individuals are connected to the concept that Partition ends up breaking:  Land.  When Ranna has to leave to find an area of safety, it is symbolic of the millions of Hindus and Muslims that had to do ths ame, experiencing dislocation and loss in the process.

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