(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Messer Maco, a wealthy Sienese fop and a fool, comes to Rome with the intention of becoming a cardinal. Upon his arrival he meets Maestro Andrea, who informs him that he will first have to become a courtier. Maco thereupon announces his desire to become a courtier, and Andrea obligingly promises to transform him into one.

Signor Parabolano, learning that Maco is in town, orders his groom, Rosso, to have all the lampreys he can find sent to Maco as a gift of welcome. When Parabolano leaves, Rosso makes fun of his master’s love affairs to the other servants. Valerio, Parabolano’s faithful chamberlain, overhears him and runs him off. Rosso swindles a fisherman out of his lampreys by posing as a servant of the pope. When discovered, he convinces the authorities that the fisherman is mad.

Maco receives his first lesson in being a courtier. He is instructed in being, among other things, a blasphemer, a gambler, an adulator, a slanderer, an ingrate, a whore-chaser, an ass, and a nymph.

Next, Rosso visits Alvigia, a procurer. Rosso, overhearing Parabolano talking in his sleep, learns that his master is in love with the matron Livia. If, he tells Alvigia, he can successfully pander to his master’s lust, he will secure his position and can also exact revenge on Valerio, Parabolano’s chamberlain. Alvigia agrees to help the groom.

Meanwhile, Maco falls in love with Camilla, a courtesan being kept by a Spanish lord. Andrea fears that this new interest will interrupt his fleecing of Maco, but Maco is now all the more determined to become a courtier. He is impatient about Camilla, however, and disguises himself as a groom to gain access to her house. To hinder him, Andrea and Maco’s own groom cries out that the sheriff is after him for illegal entry into Rome. Afraid to appear in his own clothes, Maco runs off, still in his disguise as a servant.

Rosso and Alvigia are having their problems, too. Although Parabolano...

(The entire section is 806 words.)