The Counterfeiters

by Andre Gide

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When seventeen-year-old Bernard Profitendieu discovers an old love letter of his mother and realizes that he is an illegitimate son, he leaves a scathing letter for the man whom he considered his real father and runs away from home. He spends that night with his friend, Olivier Molinier. Olivier tells him of his Uncle Édouard, a writer, who will be arriving from England the following day and also of a woman with whom his older brother Vincent is involved.

The next morning, Bernard leaves before Olivier awakens. For a time he wonders what to do. He idly decides to go to the station and watch Olivier meet his uncle. That same morning Vincent visits his friend, the notoriously gay Comte Robert de Passavant. Vincent is disturbed over his affair with Laura Douviers, a married woman he met while both were patients in a sanatorium. Upon her release, she followed Vincent to Paris.

Édouard returns to Paris because of a promise to Laura. He knew her before her marriage and told her to call upon him whenever necessary. He is also looking forward to seeing his nephew Olivier, of whom he is very fond. He is so excited, in fact, that, after checking his bag, he drops his checkroom ticket. The meeting with his nephew, however, proves unsatisfactory. Unobserved, Bernard watches the meeting between the two. He picks up the checkroom ticket Édouard dropped and claims the bag. In it he discovers a large sum of money, which he quickly pockets; Édouard’s journal, which he reads without scruple; and Laura’s supplicating letter.

With no definite plan in mind, Bernard calls on Laura. Laura is disturbed by the young man who knows so much about her affairs, but his actions become understandable when Édouard arrives and Bernard admits the theft of the bag. He says that he stole it as a means of getting in touch with Édouard. Édouard is impressed with the young man’s impudent charm. When Bernard suggests that he might fill the role of a secretary, Édouard agrees. A few days later, with Bernard as his secretary, Édouard takes Laura to Switzerland. Bernard writes to Olivier in glowing terms about his new position. Olivier is jealous of Bernard, who, he believes, has taken his place in Édouard’s affections. He decides to take an editorial assignment offered to him by de Passavant.

In the meantime, Bernard falls in love with Laura. When he confesses his love, Laura shows him a letter from her husband, begging her to come back to him with her child and Vincent’s. She decides to return to him. Bernard and Édouard return to Paris. A letter then arrives from Olivier to Bernard. He is in Italy with de Passavant, and he writes complacently about the wonderful journal they intend to publish. Bernard shows the letter to Édouard, who fails to realize that the letter disguises the boy’s real feelings of jealousy and hurt.

Although still serving as Édouard’s secretary, Bernard enrolls in the Vedel School and is living in the Vedel household. The Vedels are Laura’s parents and Édouard’s close friends. Édouard is particularly fond of Rachel, Laura’s older sister, and it distresses him to see that she is devoting all of her time and energy to managing the school. Bernard tells Édouard about some children, including George, Olivier’s younger brother, who are engaged in some underhanded activities. The boys, as Bernard is soon to learn, are passing counterfeit coins.

Olivier returns to Paris to get in touch with Bernard. The meeting between the two is strained. As they part, Olivier invites Édouard and Bernard to...

(This entire section contains 1191 words.)

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a party that de Passavant is giving that evening. Olivier then visits another old friend, Armand Vedel, Laura’s younger brother. Armand refuses the invitation to the party but suggests that Olivier ask his sister Sarah to go in his place. Bernard, who is living at the school, is to serve as her escort.

The party is an orgy. Olivier becomes drunk and quarrelsome. Édouard leads him from the room, and Olivier, ashamed, begs his uncle to take him away. Bernard escorts Sarah home. Her room is beyond Armand’s, and her brother hands Bernard the candle to light the way. As soon as Bernard goes into her bedroom, Armand bolts the door. Bernard spends the night with Sarah.

The next morning, Bernard finds Édouard attempting to revive Olivier. After spending the night with his uncle, the boy rises early in the morning on the pretext that he wants to rest on the sofa. Getting up later, Édouard discovers his nephew lying on the bathroom floor unconscious, the gas jets turned on. Édouard nurses Olivier until the boy recovers. When Olivier’s mother goes to see her son, she expresses to Édouard her concern for George and his wayward habits. Édouard promises to speak to George. He also learns that Vincent went away with Lady Griffith, a friend of de Passavant.

A few days later, Édouard receives a call from M. Profitendieu, the man Bernard thinks is his father. Ostensibly he calls in his office as magistrate to ask Édouard to speak to his nephew George, who is suspected of passing counterfeit coins. It soon becomes evident, however, that the real object of his visit is to inquire about Bernard. Since the boy left home, Profitendieu has been worried about him. He wants very much to have him home once more.

Meanwhile, Bernard’s affair with Sarah attracts Rachel’s attention, and she asks him to leave the school. Bernard goes to Édouard, who tells him of the interview with Profitendieu. For some time Bernard has regretted the harsh letter he wrote, and the hatred he felt for his foster father changes to sympathy and fondness. It is evident that Bernard is no longer needed as Édouard’s secretary. He therefore decides to return home.

Armand succeeds Olivier as editor of de Passavant’s journal. He goes to see Olivier and shows him a letter from an older brother in Egypt. The writer tells of a man with whom he is living who is almost out of his mind. From what he can gather from the fellow’s ravings, the man was responsible for his female companion’s death. Neither Armand nor Olivier guesses that the man is Olivier’s brother Vincent.

George and his friends cause a tragedy at their school. Boris, the young grandson of an old friend of Édouard, is invited to join a secret society if he will perform the act of initiation—standing up before the class and shooting himself through the temple. It is understood that the cartridge will be a blank. Only one person knows there is a live cartridge in the gun; he tells no one. When Boris, pale but resolute, walks to the front of the class and shoots himself, the joke becomes a tragedy. The experience is terrible enough to bring George to his senses. Meanwhile, after Olivier completely recovers from his suicide attempt, Édouard settles down again to writing his book, with a great sense of peace and happiness.