Confucius

by Kong Qiu

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Further Reading

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Boodberg, Peter A. "The Semasiology of Some Primary Confucian Concepts." Philosophy East and West 2, No. 4 (January 1953): 317-32.

Discusses translations for several Chinese idioms that appear in Confucius's teachings.

Cleary, Thomas. Introduction to The Essential Confucius: The Heart of Confucius' Teachings in Authentic I Ching Order, translated by Thomas Cleary, 1992, pp. 1-11.

Provides an overview of Confucius's ideas on education and society as well as an examination of the historical background to Confucius's teachings.

Creel, H. G. Confucius, The Man and the Myth. New York: John Day Company, 1949. 363 p.

Standard study by highly respected scholar. Three separate sections address historical background, biography, and Confucianism as a general phenomenon.

——."Confucius and the Struggle for Human Happiness." In Chinese Thought from Confucius to Mao Tse-tung, The University of Chicago Press, 1953, pp. 25-45.

Examines Confucius's ideas on religion and politics and argues that as a teacher, Confucius was concerned with turning his students into gentlemen regardless of their social rank at birth.

Crow, Carl. Master Kung: The Story of Confucius. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1938.

Describes Confucius's life and philosophies in accessible narrative.

Do-Dinh, Pierre. Confucius and Chinese Humanism. Trans, by Charles Lam Markmann. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1969. 217 p.

Places Confucius's life and doctrines in a broad overview of Chinese culture. Contains numerous photographs of relevant artifacts.

Fingarette, Herbert. "Human Community as Holy Rite." In Confuciusthe Secular as Sacred, Harper & Row, 1972, pp. 1-17.

Discusses Confucius's ideas on human nature and the ritualistic aspects of li, Confucius's concept of social forms.

Hsü, Leonard Shihlien. The Political Philosophy of Confucianism. London: George Routledge and Sons, 1932. 258 p.

Asserts that Confucius envisioned a political structure that would be "at once paternal and democratic."

Kaizuka, Shigeki. Confucius. Trans. by Geoffrey Bownas. New York: Macmillan, 1950. 192 p.

Respected biography by Japanese scholar. Presents Confucius's life in the context of Chinese history and philosophy, both his own and in general.

Kieschnick, John. "Analects 12.1 and the Commentarial Tradition." Journal of the American Oriental Society 112, No. 4 (October-December, 1992): 567-76.

Analyzes various interpretations of chapter twelve of the Analects.

Kupperman, Joel J. "Confucius and the Nature of Religious Ethics." Philosophy East and West XXI, No. 2 (April 1971): 189-94.

Argues that Confucius's ethics are religious.

Liu Wu-chi. Confucius, His Life and Time. New York: Philosophical Library, 1955. 189 p.

Presents biography and study of Confucius's philosophies together, former in first seven chapter and latter in last five.

Sim, Luke J. and Bretzke, James T. "The Notion of Sincerity (Ch 'eng) in the Confucian Classics." Journal of Chinese Philosophy 21, No. 1 (June 1994): 197-212.

Examines the Confucian understanding of sincerity and humanity as expressed in the Great Learning and the Doctrine of the Mean.

Tu Wei-Ming. "Jen as a Living Metaphor in the Confucian Analects." In Confucian Thought: Selfhood as Creative Transformation, State University of New York Press, 1985, pp. 81-92.

Discusses the rhetorical structure of the Analects and the semiotics of jen.

Waley, Arthur. Three Ways of Thought in Ancient China. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1939. 275 p.

Provides selections and translations from three texts central to Chinese philosophy. The first, Chuang Tzu, includes many stories of Confucius and his sayings.


Additional coverage of Confucius's life and career is contained in the following sources published by Gale Research: DISCovering Authors.

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