Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802

by William Wordsworth

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How does Wordsworth describe London's view from Westminster Bridge?

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Wordsworth describes London's view from Westminster Bridge as peaceful and majestic, with clear, smokeless air and a bright, glittering dawn. He is struck by the city's calmness, the stillness of its skyline, and the beauty of the morning. Wordsworth compares the city to a living being at rest, wearing the morning's beauty like a garment, and contrasts it with the bustling London that will soon awake.

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The lovely poem "Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802" by William Wordsworth describes London as it was before the ravages of the Industrial Revolution filled it with pollution and colored the buildings pallid shades of gray. In Wordsworth's vision, the air is clear and smokeless. It seems to be just after sunrise, as the poem speaks of the "beauty of the morning," the "first splendor" of the sun, and the still-sleeping houses in the "bright and glittering" dawn.

Wordsworth is struck by the peace and calmness of the scene, as exemplified by the river gliding along and the ships and buildings set against the open sky. The poet writes that the city wears the morning's beauty like a garment, which means an article of clothing. When in the last line he writes "that mighty heart is lying still," Wordsworth is comparing the city to a living being at rest.

Historically, Wordsworth once wrote that he composed the poem, or at least got the idea for the poem, while riding over the bridge on the roof of a carriage. We can imagine how beautiful the vision of the city in the first light of morning must have been to inspire him so much that he wrote this amazing poem.

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Wordsworth is taken by London's beauty from his vantage point on Westminster Bridge. He describes it as "touching in its majesty," and says that its beauty is the equal of any vista in nature (high praise indeed, from a poet so infatuated with nature as Wordsworth.) He is struck by the city's skyline, the "ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples," that stand still and silent in the morning air, that is, for the time being, at least, "smokeless." It is the silence, the resting of what he calls a "mighty heart" that most affects Wordsworth. Surrounding the city and visible to Wordsworth, thought not to modern visitors, are the gently rolling fields and hills that surround the city. Wordsworth evokes this contrast, as well as the contrast between the sleeping city and the frenetic, smoky London that will soon awake. It is doubtful that Wordsworth would have found that London so beautiful.

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