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Last Updated on May 10, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 465

Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus

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Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus (ti-BIH-ree-uhs KLOH-dee-uhs DREW-suhs NEE-roh jur-MA-nih-kuhs), emperor of Rome. Popularly supposed at the beginning of his rule to be a cripple, a stammerer, and an idiot, he is in reality a planner of governmental, financial, and social reforms, including the abolition of many of the previous emperor Caligula’s cruel decrees. Busy with state affairs, he is long ignorant of Messalina’s depravities. He is deified as a result of his planning of the great Roman victory in Britain at Brentwood Hill. After a wholesale execution of Messalina’s immoral associates and following his marriage to Agrippinilla, he takes little interest in governmental affairs and is finally poisoned by his wife.

Messalina

Messalina (meh-suh-LI-nuh), his third wife. Though she is director of public morals, she herself pursues a life of debauchery, licentiousness, political intrigue, bribery, cheating, and murder. After her divorce from Claudius, her remarriage to Silius, and Claudius’ discovery of her debaucheries, she is killed by the colonel of the palace guard.

Calpurnia

Calpurnia (kal-PUR-nee-uh), Claudius’ mistress, who finally reveals to Claudius the truth about Messalina.

Agrippina

Agrippina (ag-rih-PI-nuh), called Agrippinilla, Claudius’ fourth wife, whom he marries for political reasons. She poisons him so that Nero may succeed him. She is killed by soldiers sent by Nero to murder her.

Lucius Domitius

Lucius Domitius (LEW-shee-uhs doh-MIH-shee-uhs), later called Nero, Agrippinilla’s son and Claudius’ grandnephew. Adopted by Claudius and appointed joint heir with Brittanicus, he becomes emperor through his mother’s plotting. After a reign marked by debauchery and murder, he is killed at his own request by a servant.

Herod Agrippa

Herod Agrippa (HEH-ruhd uh-GRIH -puh), Claudius’ friend since his youthful days. He is imprisoned by Tiberius for treasonous sentiments but is released by Caligula and given control of Judea, Samaria, and Edom by Claudius. His...

(The entire section contains 465 words.)

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