Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 333
Henri d’Effiat (ahn-REE dehf-FYAH), marquis of Cinq-Mars (sah[n]-mahr), a real-life character in France’s first historical novel. He serves the king through his hatred of Cardinal Richelieu and his desire for permission to marry Marie de Gonzaga. As a conspirator, he signs a secret treaty providing for help from Spain, then tells Marie about it in the presence of the priest, a spy, who affiances them. He is beheaded.
Cardinal Richelieu (ree-sheh-LYEEUH), who, to maintain power with the king, has the messenger with Cinq-Mars’ treaty killed at the Spanish frontier. He resigns as minister of state in order to force the helpless King Louis XIII to increase his power.
King Louis XIII
King Louis XIII (lwee), who makes Cinq-Mars an officer in his guards. After Richelieu’s resignation, he is unable to handle the affairs of the kingdom alone, and he reappoints Richelieu, giving him permission to kill the conspirators.
Marie de Gonzaga
Marie de Gonzaga (gohn-ZAH-gah), duchess of Mantua, who loves Cinq-Mars though she is destined to become queen of Poland.
Anne of Austria
Anne of Austria, who tries to protect the king and their son, the future Louis XIV, from the ambitious Richelieu.
François August de Thou
François August de Thou (frahn-SWAH oh-GEWST deh tew), a friend of Cinq-Mars, beheaded as a conspirator.
The Duke de Bouillon
The Duke de Bouillon (bew-YOHN), estranged from the king by Richelieu.
Gaston d’Orléans (gas-TOHN dohr-lay-AHN), brother of the king, banished by Richelieu.
Marshal Bassompierre (ba-sohn-PYEHR), an enemy of Richelieu arrested at the home of Cinq-Mars.
Urbain Grandier (ur-BAN grahn-DYAY), a monk of Loudun, executed as a magician by order of Richelieu.
The Abbé Quillet
The Abbé Quillet (kee-YAY), Cinq-Mars’ former tutor, who defends Grandier.
A judge, Richelieu’s agent at the trial of Grandier. Cinq-Mars strikes him in the face with a red-hot cross that had been given to Grandier to kiss.
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