Herbert A. Giles (essay date 1901)
SOURCE: “History—Classical and General Literature,” in A History of Chinese Literature, D. Appleton and Company, 1931, pp. 212-31.
[In the excerpt below, Giles offers a brief overview of Chu Hsi's life and his major contributions to Chinese philosophy.]
… The name of Chu Hsi (1130-1200) is a household word throughout the length and breadth of literary China. He graduated at nineteen, and entered upon a highly successful official career. He apparently had a strong leaning towards Buddhism—some say that he actually became a Buddhist priest; at any rate, he soon saw the error of his ways, and gave himself up completely to a study of the orthodox doctrine. He was...
(The entire section is 954 words.)