(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Two fifteen-year-old boys, growing up within five blocks of each other in the early 1940’s, meet during a baseball game one Sunday in June. The game is an athletic competition between yeshivas, or Jewish parochial schools. The ensuing game takes on warlike proportions. One team is led by Danny Saunders, the eldest son of a prominent Hasidic rabbi, Reb Isaac Saunders, who had led his people out of Russia to the United States. This team, and all of Reb Saunders’s followers, wear the traditional clothing, corresponding with Hasidism’s founding in the eighteenth century: black hats or skullcaps, long black coats, and fringed prayer garments called tzitzits. Their long earlocks also set them apart.

The other team is led by Reuven Malter, son of widowed teacher and scholar David Malter. The marked difference between the two teams is exemplified by their respective coaches. Mr. Galanter, a gym teacher from the public school system, moonlights by teaching in Reuven’s school. He wears modern clothing and is described as “fanatically addicted to professional baseball.” Danny’s team is escorted to the ball field by a coach who is a rabbi. Dressed in traditional black garb, he reads a book while the teams play ball. His sole advice to his team is “Remember why and for whom we play.”

One of Reuven’s teammates warns him “They’re murderers.” The truth of this observation becomes evident early in the game. Although the majority of Danny’s teammates are unremarkable ballplayers, they play with a fierce intensity. During the game, one of Danny’s hits strikes pitcher Reuven, shattering his glasses and injuring his left eye. Reuven is taken to the hospital and undergoes surgery to remove glass splinters. Reuven learns that, in addition to having a concussion, he faces the possibility of scar tissue causing blindness in that eye.

While in the hospital Reuven makes several friends. Two are fellow patients in the eye ward. Tony Savo, a professional boxer, had lost an eye because of a boxing injury. Billy Merrit, a young boy, had been blinded in a car accident. The most surprising new friend, however, is Danny. When Danny first visits Reuven in the hospital, Reuven notes that “he looked a little like the pictures I had seen of Abraham Lincoln before he grew the beard.” Danny tries to apologize to Reuven, but Reuven orders him to leave.

Mr. Malter visits his son and, after learning how he treated Danny, reprimands Reuven, telling him that the Talmud commands listening and forgiveness when an apology is offered. During this visit, Reuven and his father also discuss the war in Europe, including the D day invasion by the Allied Powers. “It is the beginning of the end for Hitler and his madmen,” Mr. Malter tells his son. The next day, Danny again visits. Reuven apologizes for his behavior, and the two talk civilly. Danny admits that he did not understand his feelings during the ball game. “I wanted to walk over to you and open your head with my bat,” he says. Reuven observes that Danny “dressed like a Hasid, but he didn’t sound like one.”

During their first sustained conversation, Reuven learns of Danny’s photographic mind and phenomenal intelligence. Danny can recite from memory virtually anything he has ever read. Reuven is both awed and disturbed by Danny’s amazing ability, noting that “He did it coldly, mechanically . . . I had the feeling I was watching some sort of human machine at work.”

The boys discuss their professional aspirations. Reuven plans to become a rabbi, although his father hopes he will become a mathematician. Danny is expected to become a rabbi because the position is an inherited one. He admits, however, that if he could choose otherwise, he would become a psychologist.

The hospital visits continue. Reuven’s eye heals, and full vision returns. Sadly, his hospital mates do not fare as well. Nothing could be done to help the boxer, Tony Savo, and the surgery to restore Billy’s sight...

(The entire section is 1639 words.)

The Chosen Summary

(Masterpieces of American Literature)

The Chosen met with popular success upon publication, despite its being concerned with a small and narrow Hasidic Jewish community in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn. The story of Danny Saunders, son of the imperious and strictly Orthodox Reb Saunders, and Danny’s friend Reuvan Malter, son of a teacher at a Jewish yeshiva (parochial school), has universal implications: Can the culture of one’s early years be transcended without being denied?

Danny has been chosen by his father to be the next leader of the Hasidic sect, but Danny feels trapped. His father, in an effort to impart a compassionate soul to his genius son, has raised him in silence; all the while, however, Danny has been exploring secular psychology at the library under the guidance of David Malter, Reuvan’s father.

After the two boys clash at a baseball game, their friendship gradually develops, though when David Malter becomes active in the project of building a new Jewish homeland in Palestine after the revelations from the German concentration camps, Reb Saunders imposes silence upon Danny’s friendship with Reuvan. The rebbe is saddened by the news of the Holocaust, but he believes that a new state of Israel can be built only by the Messiah, not by human politics.

Following the creation of Israel as a state in 1948, the ban between Danny and Reuvan is lifted; the two must now explain to Reb Saunders that Danny will not wear the rebbe’s mantle but will instead pursue his study of psychology. In a climactic conversation, Reb explains to Danny (through Reuvan) that the silence he had experienced will allow him to hear the cries of the world. The rebbe himself cries and finally speaks directly to his son, this time as a father, not as a teacher. Reb...

(The entire section is 723 words.)

The Chosen Summary

The Chosen Book 1 Summary

The Chosen explores the friendship between Jewish Reuven Malter and Hasidic (Jewish Orthodox) Danny Saunders. In Brooklyn during World...

(The entire section is 255 words.)

The Chosen Book 2 Summary

When Reuven returns home, everything seems sharper and clearer to him, as if he were seeing the world around him for the first time. Rav...

(The entire section is 534 words.)

The Chosen Book 3 Summary

Danny becomes upset when he discovers he must study experimental psychology rather than psychoanalysis in college. After talking with his...

(The entire section is 655 words.)