Child Labor in Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism: The International Traffic In Children - Essay

Joy Parr (essay date 1980)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Parr, Joy. “British Working Children,” “The Promised Land.” In Labouring Children: British Immigrant Apprentices to Canada, 1869-1924, pp. 14-26, 45-61. London: Croom Helm, 1980.

[In the following excerpt, Parr examines the working conditions in late nineteenth-century Britain that led poor parents to send their children to Canada as agricultural apprentices. Parr also discusses the conditions encountered by the children when they arrived in Canada.]

England does not know what childhood is.1

There were visitors who came away from Salford, East London and East Glasgow eighty years ago claiming...

(The entire section is 11779 words.)

John E. Zucchi (essay date 1992)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Zucchi, John E. “‘The Organ Boys’ in London.” In The Little Slaves of the Harp: Italian Child Street Musicians in Nineteenth-Century Paris, London, and New York, pp. 76-110. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1992.

[In the following excerpt, Zucchi discusses the treatment of Italian children working as musicians and figurine sellers in the streets of London in the nineteenth-century.]

The young boys from Parma made their first appearance in London soon after the end of the Napoleonic Wars. In March 1820 the Times reported that “the public have of late been exceedingly annoyed by the appearance of a number of Italian boys with monkeys...

(The entire section is 15090 words.)