Charles Baudelaire

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Is there a connection between Baudelaire's poems "Reversibility" and "To A Madonna"?

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"To a Madonna," is a poem addressed to, dedicated to, and celebrating the virtues of the virgin Mary, who, according to Christianity, was the mother of Jesus Christ. The speaker venerates Mary as a "Victorious Queen of whom our hope is born!" The speaker also prostrates himself, physically and metaphorically, before Mary. He says that he will, for her sake, weave a mantle for himself, "weighted down / With (his) distrust," and, if he proves unworthy of her, he will make himself a "Footstool" upon which her "heel shall rest."

The poem "Reversibility," also by Charles Baudelaire, is similarly addressed to an object of worship, an "Angel" who the speaker speaks of reverentially as "pure" and "enchanted," and as an "Angel of happiness , and joy and light." Thus, the main connection between the two poems is that both address, in very reverential tones, a virtuous, ideal figure. In "Reversibility," however, the speaker asks the "Angel" to "aid (his) plight," whereas in "To a Madonna," the speaker doesn't ask Mary for help but rather seems to deem himself too worthless and too guilty of sin to deserve her help.

There is also a connection between the two poems stylistically. Both poems have regular rhyme schemes. "To a Madonna" is written in rhyming couplets, and, except for the first line of each stanza, so too is "Reversibility." Both poems are also written in iambic pentameter, meaning that each line contains ten syllables, whereby every second syllable is stressed. For example, from "To a Madonna," we have, "O mortal maid, a Mantle for thy sake," and from "Reversibility," we have, "Angel of gaiety, have you tasted grief?"

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