In Chains, which phrases in Chapter 18 create tone or attitude towards the hanging?

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Tone is the attitude of a writer toward a particular subject. In a piece of literature that is written from the first person perspective, tone refers to the attitude of that narrator. Chains is written from the first-person perspective and Isabel is our narrator, so readers get to see Isabel's attitude about the hanging.

In general, Isabel is not keen on being at the hanging, seeing the hanging, or having her sister, Ruth, around the hanging. Isabel flat out doesn't like the punishment of hanging. A reader can see this attitude of Isabel's early in the chapter, when she tells us that the thought of a hanging turns her stomach.

The thought of a hanging turned my belly . . .

The only reason that Isabel attends the hanging in the first place is because Colonel Regan is likely to be in attendance.

Another good quote that shows Isabel's aversion to hanging is the final sentence of the chapter.

I covered Ruth's eyes with my hands and closed my own.

Isabel is at the hanging, but she can't bring herself to even watch it. It's not enjoyable for her; she doesn't have a morbid curiosity about death. This stands out in stark contrast to most of the people in attendance. Readers are told that the people attending the event were behaving as if they were at some kind of festival. Even Becky, at the start of the chapter, was encouraging Isabel to go to the hanging and enjoy herself.

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