Literary Techniques

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

For an avid aficionado of mysteries there must be something odd about a whodunit in which probability replaces the butler. Knowing the rules...

(The entire section is 851 words.)

Ideas for Group Discussions

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

In a book and film market dominated by clones of Star Wars empires and XFiles pseudo-investigations, The Chain of Chance stands out as...

(The entire section is 335 words.)

Social Concerns

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Towards the end of the 1960's, Stanislaw Lem's fiction underwent a dramatic change. Previously, he would unveil his philosophical and...

(The entire section is 1207 words.)


(Great Characters in Literature)

Lem, Stanisaw. Microworlds: Writings on Science Fiction and Fantasy, 1984.

Solataroff, Theodore."A Master of Science Fiction—and More,” in The New York Times Book Review. LXXXI (August 29, 1976), pp. 1, 14.

Steiner, T.R. “Stanisaw Lem’s Detective Stories: A Genre Extended,” in Modern Fiction Studies. XXIX (Autumn, 1983), pp. 451-462.

Updike, John. “Lem and Pym,” in The New Yorker. LV (February 26, 1979), pp. 115-121.

Ziegfeld, Richard E. Stanisaw Lem, 1985.

Literary Precedents

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

"The first version does not satisfy me completely, even though it is quite well constructed and generates a great deal of suspense . . ....

(The entire section is 649 words.)