What is an example of a simile, metaphor, or personification from Catching Fire, and its meaning?

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Catching Fire is the second book which comprises The Hunger Games Trilogy, written by Suzanne Collins as part of her young adult series. As Collins describes the dystopian environment within which Katniss Everdeen (Kat) must survive and succeed, she uses literary devices to help describe the intense, extreme and often devastating events and circumstances.

A metaphor is a comparison where two items, emotions, events, settings or situations which ordinarily would not be relative to each other, are paralleled. There are many examples of metaphor in this book and one is when, in chapter one, Kat says, "I would try to forget the Hunger Games entirely. Never speak of them. Pretend they were nothing but a bad dream." Here Collins is comparing the games to a nightmare.

Personification gives human characterisitcs to inanimate objects, animals or, in this case, a process, circumstance or action. In chapter twenty seven, Plutarch tells Kat that she is the motivation behind what they do. Without Kat, there will be no purpose. She effectively gives life to the revolution: "While you live, the revolution lives..." Kat is such an integral part of the revolutionary process even without any specific involvement with the revolutionaries and so it is discussed as if it is human and has its own personality. 

Similes make comparisons by revealing similarities between things, feelings, actions and so on by using the word "like" or saying something is "as...as." In this quote from chapter seven, Gale is trying to make Kat realize that her actions have been justified and inspiring others is a good thing. He says, "Starve? Work like slaves?..." and reminds her that she has created opportunity and hope where none existed. In chapter thirteen, we have a simile using "as," when Kat says,"I'm as good as dead now." 

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"There.  He's done it again.  Dropped a bomb that wipes out the efforts of every tribute who came before him" (256). 

This moment in the novel occurs when Peeta announces in the interview with Caesar Flickerman that he and Katniss have eloped, and more importantly, she is pregnant.  Collins uses a familiar metaphor "dropped a bomb" to describe the impact that Peeta's words have on the audience.  The idea that Katniss could be pregnant and have to participate in the Games is both shocking and horrifying, and like a bomb, Peeta's words have a devastating effect on the members of the crowd watching that night.  Collins extends the metaphor for the rest of the scene, building on her figurative language with powerful diction like "detonate," "lit the fuse," and "explodes" (256).

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