Illustration of a man smoking a cigarette

The Catcher in the Rye

by J. D. Salinger
Start Free Trial

Chapters 4–7 Summary and Analysis

Download PDF PDF Page Citation Cite Share Link Share

Last Updated on June 8, 2022, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 1152

Chapter 4

Holden decides to join Stradlater in the bathroom while he shaves. Holden explains that Stradlater is a “Year Book kind of handsome guy” who is a “secret slob.”

See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access

Stradlater asks Holden to write an English composition for him. Holden keeps him in suspense and, out of boredom, begins imitating a tap-dancer from a movie. When pressed, he tells Stradlater he’ll only do the composition if he gets the time.

During their conversation, Holden holds Stradlater in a half-nelson wrestling move, annoying him while he shaves. Holden finds out that Stradlater’s date is Jane Gallagher, a girl Holden got to know the summer before last when they were neighbors. Holden asks Stradlater questions about her, and Holden shares how they used to play checkers together and how she “had a lousy childhood.”

Holden can’t get Jane off his mind. He wants to go say hello to her but is not in the mood to actually do it. He asks Stradlater to give her his regards and to refrain from telling her that Holden’s been kicked out of Pencey. Stradlater leaves for his date wearing Holden’s hounds’-tooth jacket.

Holden is very nervous about Jane’s date with “a sexy bastard” like Stradlater. When Ackley comes back into his room, he’s happy to get his mind off of it.

Chapter 5

After dinner, Holden enjoys “horsing around” in the freshly fallen snow with some classmates. Holden, Ackley, and Holden’s friend Mal Brossard decide to take a bus into town to get hamburgers and see a movie. They don’t end up seeing a movie and come back to the dorm before nine. After they spend some time in the room together, Holden tells Ackley to leave so that he can write Stradlater’s composition.

For the composition, Holden decides to write about his brother Allie’s baseball mitt. Allie, Holden’s younger brother, died when Holden was thirteen. Holden recalls how Allie was “terrifically intelligent,” how he was loved by his teachers, and how he used to laugh at the dinner table. The night Allie died, Holden slept in the garage and broke all the garage windows with his fist.

After writing the composition, Holden looks out the window and listens to Ackley snoring.

Homework Help

Latest answer posted April 23, 2010, 1:21 am (UTC)

1 educator answer

Chapter 6

Holden worries about Stradlater’s date with Jane. Stradlater comes back to the dorm. When Stradlater sees the composition Holden has written, he becomes angry and says that Holden has done it “backasswards.” Holden takes the composition back and rips it up.

Holden nervously asks Stradlater about his date with Jane. Stradlater tells Holden that they didn’t go anywhere; they just sat in the car that he had borrowed from the basketball coach.

When Stradlater won’t tell Holden if he “gave her the time” in the car, Holden hits him and Stradlater pins him to the floor. Holden keeps yelling at Stradlater and calling him names until Stradlater punches him. When Stradlater leaves the room, Holden finds his hunting hat and, with a bloody face, goes next door to Ackley’s room.

Chapter 7

When Holden goes to Ackley’s room, Ackley is irritated, saying he had been trying to sleep as he plans to go to Mass the next morning. Holden asks if he can sleep in Ackley’s roommate’s bed; Ackley won’t give a clear answer, which annoys Holden.

Holden feels “so lonesome” as he talks with Ackley. Ackley falls back asleep, and Holden can’t stop thinking about Stradlater’s date with Jane, remembering a double-date he had taken with Stradlater once.

Holden wakes Ackley again and leaves the room shortly after. He decides to leave Pencey and spend a few days in a hotel in New York to give his parents time to “digest” the news of his expulsion.

Holden packs quickly, momentarily saddened as he packs the new ice-skates his mother had bought him. He counts his money and sells his typewriter to a classmate. Holden cries as he takes a long last look down the corridor. He adjusts his hunting hat, yells “Sleep tight, ya morons!” and leaves.


In these chapters, Holden’s character is further developed for readers. Although Holden criticizes Ackley for “hating everyone,” Holden generally disdains his classmates: he sees Stradlater as vain, Ackley as stupid, and, before he leaves, he calls the entire floor “morons.” Despite this, he repeatedly does useful deeds for others. He allows Stradlater to borrow his hound’s-tooth coat for his date, he writes a composition assignment for Stradlater, and he works on an inferior typewriter because he has loaned his own typewriter to someone else. Most of these things are done begrudgingly, and it seems that Holden is coerced by stronger peers like Stradlater.

Through his own words and his actions, Holden reveals more about his mental state. He admits that he is a very nervous person, which is evident when he becomes worried about Stradlater’s date with Jane. Even though Holden is eager to talk to Jane before their date, he doesn’t say hello to her. He claims that he is “not in the mood,” but this may be a way for him to deny his nervousness.

When Holden shares about his own personal history and the loss of his beloved brother Allie, he says that his parents were going to have him “psychoanalyzed” after he broke all of the windows in the garage “just for the hell of it.” These details add to readers’ understanding of Holden’s mental health and the impact his brother’s death has had on him. Holden’s memories of his brother Allie are detailed and suggest the depth of his grief.

In the middle of his conversation with Ackley, after fighting Stradlater, Holden is overcome by a deep loneliness. He notes that “I felt so lonesome, all of a sudden. I almost wished I was dead… I felt so damn lonesome.” This theme of loneliness—and the ensuing pull of death—is developed throughout the novel. Even though Holden is with Ackley, he is isolated; he does not share this sense of despair with his friend.

Although feelings of grief and loneliness are evident in these chapters, Holden seems unable to admit them. When he prepares to leave Pencey, taking a final look down the corridor, Holden awkwardly states, “I was sort of crying. I don’t know why.” He quickly covers this expression of sadness by yelling an angry good-bye.

The theme of sexuality and relationships is also developed. Holden sees Jane as a whole person, and he is interested in details about her. In contrast, Stradlater is known for pursuing girls for sex, not friendship, and is uninterested in details about Jane. Holden is bothered by memories of double-dating with Stradlater, disgusted by Stradlater’s “technique” of using a sincere voice and ignoring his date’s protests to his physical advances.

See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access

Chapters 1–3 Summary and Analysis


Chapters 8–11 Summary and Analysis