illustration of Fortunato standing in motley behind a mostly completed brick wall with a skull superimposed on the wall where his face should be

The Cask of Amontillado

by Edgar Allan Poe

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Why does Montresor seek revenge against Fortunato in "The Cask of Amontillado"?

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Montresor, Poe's unreliable and hyperbolic narrator, claims that he seeks revenge after Fortunato has added insult to injury.

In the exposition of Poe's Gothic tale, Montresor claims that he has endured "the thousand injuries" that Fortunato has committed against him; however, when his enemy has "ventured upon insult," he states that he can bear no more, and must be avenged. Having decided upon revenge, Montresor commences his intricate plan to approach Fortunato during the Carnival season when Fortunato's disappearance should not soon be noticed. Also, Fortunato, who should be at least somewhat inebriated from celebrating, will be more susceptible to Montresor's luring him into the catacombs on the pretext of tasting the Amontillado. 

Montresor's plan is effective as he succeeds in tempting his enemy Fortunato into the damp "vaults." Further, Montresor exploits Fortunato's desire to outdo his rival Luchesi by tasting the Amontillado. Montresor also feigns concern for Fortunato's health because of the dampness of the cavern walls and repeatedly suggests that they turn back. But Fortunato, who will not be outdone later by Luchesi or anyone else, insists that they keep going forward. As Montresor knows, Fortunato is a rapacious man who wishes to taste the Amontillado and judge it before his foe Luchesi has any chance to do so.   

 

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Montresor decides to seek revenge against Fortuanato because he believes that Fortunato has insulted him. The story says "the thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could, but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge."  We are not told the specifics of this insult.  The story leaves the reader to wonder what the insult was and if it ever actually occurred.  The story also describes Montressor's family coat of arms and moto.  The coat of arms depicts a large foot crushing a snake that has bitten the heal of the foot.  His family motto states "no one attacks me with impunity."  This tells the reader something of Montressor's character.  He feels that he must punish any offense.  Montressor does not like Fortunato and feels he has put up with him long enough.  Finally, Fortuanto insults Montressor in some fashion and Montressor's anger boils over.  Once again, we do not know if this offense ever really occurred.

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Is it necessary that Fortunato wants to get revenge in "The Cask of Amontillado"?

I think you mean Montresor instead of Fortunato. I'm not sure what you mean by "is it necessary", but from Montresor's point of view, it is very necessary. The story is told in first person point of view, and Montresor makes his case to the reader why he feels it's necessary. Also consider his family motto and coat of arms--anyone who does harm to the Montresors will be punished. He feels it's also his family duty to punish Fortunato. The offense incurred by Fortunato doesn't matter because he's done something that makes Montresor think that Fortunato has wronged him. The fact that Montresor feels offended is all that's necessary for him to believe Fortunato must be punished. Whether he's insane or not is left up to the reader, but he certainly spends time trying to convince us he isn't mad.

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