(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Don José is a handsome, young cavalryman from Navarre. The son of a good Basque family, he has excellent chances of being quickly promoted and making his name as a soldier. A short time after arriving at his post in Seville, however, he happens to meet a beautiful, clever young Gypsy named Carmen. Don José falls in love with her at once and allows her to escape after she was taken into custody for attacking another worker with a knife in a cigarette factory.

One night, she persuades him to desert his post and go with her. He is punished by being ordered to stand guard. When she goes to him again, and again urges him to come with her, he refuses. They argue for more than an hour, until Don José, exhausted by his struggle between anger and love, succumbs to her. After he becomes her lover, she caresses him and ridicules him by turn. Carmen is independent, rebellious, and tormenting. The more fickle she is, the more madly Don José loves her.

One night, having agreed to a rendezvous with Carmen, he goes to her apartment. While they are together, a lieutenant who is also Carmen’s lover enters. He and Don José begin to argue and swords flash. In the struggle, Don José kills the lieutenant after himself suffering a head wound. Carmen, who remained in the room throughout the fight, accuses Don José of being stupid. She goes out and returns a few minutes later with a cloak, which she tells him to wear, as he will be a hunted man. Don José’s hopes for a brilliant career are shattered as a result of this impetuous act. His love leads him to murder, and he is doomed to live the life of an outlaw with a woman who is a pickpocket and a thief.

Carmen has many friends and acquaintances who are outlaws. Because Don José has no choice in the matter, he agrees to go with her to join a small band of smugglers and bandits for whom Carmen is a spy. By that time, a reward is posted for Don José’s capture. He and Carmen set out and eventually find the smugglers. For a long time, Don José lives with them, throwing himself into his new, lawless life with such vigor and enthusiasm that he...

(The entire section is 863 words.)