Caribbean Literature Criticism: Ethnic And National Identity - Essay

Edward Kamau Brathwaite (essay date 1984)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Brathwaite, Edward Kamau. “The African Presence in Caribbean Literature.”1 In Africa in Latin America: Essays on History, Culture, and Socialization, edited by Manuel Moreno Fraginals, translated by Leonor Blum, pp. 103-44. New York: Holems & Meier Publishers, Inc., 1984.

[In the following essay, Brathwaite examines African influences on Caribbean folk traditions, stressing that although highly focused on religion, African cultural practices and norms not only survived periods of slavery and colonization, but that they continue to influence Caribbean folk culture in form, literature, and rhetoric.]

in december to about...

(The entire section is 16903 words.)

Ineke Phaf (essay date winter 1988)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Phaf, Ineke. “Caribbean Imagination and Nation Building in Antillean and Surinamese Literature,” translated by G. J. van Excel, with assistance from Maureen Berkel. Callaloo 11, no. 1 (winter 1988): 148-71.

[In the following essay, Phaf explores the interplay between the Caribbean imagination and the literature of the countries comprising the Caribbean basin, focusing particularly on the Antilles and Surinam.]


This essay examines an important function of the Caribbean imagination in that part of the region where, in the seventeenth century, colonies were established and administered “in the...

(The entire section is 13356 words.)