1. How many pilgrims are making the journey to Canterbury?
2. Why are all these people going to Canterbury?
3. List the members of the middle class in the group.
4. List the members of the clergy.
5. Which members of the clergy appear to be corrupt or sinful?
6. What plan for the group does the Host propose?
7. How does Chaucer himself fit into the group?
8. By what devices does Chaucer reveal his characters?
9. How many of the tales did Chaucer actually complete?
10. What weaknesses within the Church do the pilgrim clergy represent?
1. There are 30 characters including Chaucer and the Host.
2. They are going to the Shrine of St. Thomas à Becket at Canterbury. They hope to receive special blessings.
3. The middle class group consists of the following: the Merchant; the Man of Law; the Franklin; the Haberdasher; the Carpenter; the Weaver; the Dyer; the Tapestry-Maker; the Shipman; the Physician; the Wife of Bath; the Miller; the Manciple; the Reeve; and the Host.
4. The clergy members are as follow: the Prioress; the Monk; the Friar; the Nun; the Priest; the Cleric; the Parson; the Summoner; and the Pardoner.
5. The Monk; the Pardoner; the Friar; and the Summoner appear corrupt.
6. Each traveler will tell four stories: two on the way to Canterbury and two on the return trip.
7. Chaucer is the anonymous Narrator. He is also one of the pilgrims.
8. Chaucer reveals his characters by direct description, the telling comment, and the tale each traveler tells.
9. There are twenty-three tales, two of which are fragments.
10. The clergy represent corruption, greed, and abuse of power in the Church.
1. Why is it appropriate that the Knight should tell the first story?
2. Which features of the romance are evident in this tale?
3. How do Arcite and Palamon come to be imprisoned?
4. How is each man released from prison?
5. Why is Arcrite not recognized when he is employed in Emily's household?
6. How is it decided who will marry Emily?
7. What happens to prevent the man who won Emily's hand from marrying her?
8. What characteristics of chivalry are evident in the story?
9. What is the theme of The Knight's Tale?
10. From what sources did Chaucer borrow material for this tale?
1. He is the highest ranking member of the group.
2. The romantic features of this tale are: noble characters;
ideal love; romantic past as setting; and trial by combat.
3. They are discovered, half-dead, on the battlefield at Thebes.
4. Arcite is freed by the intercession of a powerful friend. Palamon drugs the guard and escapes.
5. He has grown so thin and pale that he no longer looks like his former self.
6. The decision is made based on which knight's team wins the tournament staged by Theseus.
7. Arcite is thrown from his horse and mortally injured. He dies soon after.
8. The characteristics of chivalry in this tale include great
attention to honorable behavior and trial by combat.
9. The theme of this tale is ideal love and chivalrous conduct.
10. Chaucer borrowed from: Boccaccio's Teseide, Boethius' The Consolations of Philosophy, and ancient myths.
1. What are the main sources of humor in this story?
2. What does Chaucer seem to be saying about marriage?
3. What details make the tale seem realistic?
4. What basic human need motivates each of the characters?
5. Why is it appropriate for the Miller to tell this particular story?
6. Describe how The Miller's Tale qualifies as a fabliau.
7. What is the theme of the story?
8. What rivalry is set up before this tale is told?
9. How is the medieval fascination with astrology introduced into the story?
10. What traditional plot is present in The Miller's Tale?
1. The main sources of humor in this story consists of: tricking the carpenter into believing that the flood is coming; his elaborate preparations; the business with the bare bottoms; and the trickery turned upon Nicholas.
2. Older men should know better than to marry young girls.
3. Some details that make the tale seem realistic are: setting in Oxford and Oseney; business success of the carpenter; and the poor scholar.
4. Sexual appetite is the motivational human need in this tale.
5. The story is raucous and bawdy and coarse, like the Miller himself.
6. It is funny; it relies on trickery and deception; it deals with the basic sexual appetite; and its characters are everyday people.
7. The theme may be "youth and age are often at odds."
8. The rivalry between the Miller and the Reeve is set up
before this tale is told.
9. Nicholas is a student of astrology and he uses the carpenter's belief in astrology as part of the hoax to get the carpenter to prepare for the flood.
10. The lovers' triangle, in this case two men desiring one woman, is the traditional plot line.
1. How does the miller, Simkin, parallel the Miller on the pilgrimage?
2. How is Simkin paid back by the clerics for his cheating?
3. What features of human nature are exaggerated in this tale?
4. What elements of the fabliau are present in The Reeve's Tale?
5. How does the Reeve pay the Miller back with this story?
6. What was the reaction of the other pilgrims to the tale told by the Miller?
7. Why was The Miller's Tale so offensive to the Reeve?
8. What qualities does the Reeve say characterize old men?
9. How does the infant in the cradle function in this story?
10. What "advantages" does Simkin's daughter have that make her a desirable bride?
1. The pilgrim Miller is loud and boastful; he is also dishonest. Simkin has the same characteristics.
2. One of them has sex with his wife while the other sleeps with his virgin daughter.
3. Sexual appetite, greed, and cunning are exaggerated in this tale.
4. The fabliau is represented by the following elements: sexual scenario; trickery; common people; and humor.
5. He makes the miller in the story out to be a fool who is completely tricked by two young men.
6. They all find it very funny.
7. The main character in the Miller's story was an aging carpenter who is made out to be a fool. The Reeve himself is aging and was formerly a carpenter. He takes the story as a personal insult, which is exactly how it was intended.
8. The Reeve says old men are characterized by boasting, anger, lying, and covetousness.
9. The infant in the cradle is used to confuse Simkin's wife and ultimately confuses one of the young men, as well.
10. The mother of the girl has a little bit of family background; the girl has a tiny bit of education; the father of the girl is wealthy; and she is a virgin.
l. What concession does the Sultan of Syria make in order
to obtain the hand of Constance in marriage?
2. How does Constance end up a widow landing on the coast of Britain?
3. How does Constance come to wed King Aella?
4. What type of wife is Constance intended to represent?
5. How does this contrast with the wives in the preceding stories?
6. List the types of narratives that Chaucer drew on to create this tale.
7. What device is employed extensively in the structure of the tale?
8. Describe the underlying theological theme of The Man of Law's Tale.
9. Describe the events that lead Constance from joy to despair to joy and so on.
10. State the moral of this tale.
1. He agrees to become a Christian.
2. The Sultan is murdered by his mother who also casts Constance off in a rudderless ship.
3. She is introduced to him when she is accused of a murder. The witnesses in her favor and divine intervention convince King Aella of her innocence and virtue. He soon comes to love her and they are wed.
4. The virtuous wife who endures all tribulations and trials.
5. Those women were sexually very lax while Constance is chaste and virtuous.
6. Saints' lives; folktale; romance; myth; tragedy; and biblical text are the types of narratives Chaucer drew on for this tale.
7. Repetition is employed extensively.
8. Persistence in faith is ultimately rewarded with joy.
9. Constance's life was at first a joy with her parents. She found despair when the Sultan was murdered and she was set out to sea. She again found joy when she married King Aella and they had a son. She thought that Aella had rejected her and their son because of the mother-in-law's intervention. She was then set out to sea once again causing her distress. She was then rescued and reunited with her father and, later, Aella. However, Aella died a mere year later. She found peace again at the end when she was reunited with her father and her son Maurice inherited the throne.
10. Virtue is always rewarded or faith will ultimately triumph.
1. How does the wife in the story obtain the money she needs for her new dress?
2. How is Don John's loan actually repaid and by whom?
3. Does the merchant learn of the arrangement between his wife and Don John?
4. What elements of the fabliau are obvious in this tale?
5. What does the author seem to be saying about marriage?
6. What rationale does the wife use to convince the husband that she really must be well-dressed?
7. Does the husband, who is a merchant, appear to be miserly or just careful?
8. What makes the monk Don John unattractive as a person?
9. How does the merchant in this story seem to parallel the pilgrim Merchant?
10. Why is this tale suited to the Shipman? (refer to General Prologue)
1. She borrows it from the monk, Don John.
2. The wife spends the night making love to Don John. That is the repayment.
3. The merchant never learns nor suspects the arrangement.
4. Infidelity; the trickery of the husband; and the sexual nature of the tale are the obvious fabliau elements here.
5. Wives cannot be trusted where other men and finery are involved.
6. She tells him that her attractiveness reflects well on him.
7. He is careful.
8. He is a very conniving and disloyal friend to the merchant. He also betrays his vows as a monk.
9. The Merchant on the pilgrimage is said to be a gambler and risk-taker. The merchant in the tale has risked all by purchasing more merchandise than he can pay for on the speculation that it will sell well and earn him a profit.
10. The Shipman has travelled all over and is familiar with many foreign ports, such as St. Denis where this story is set. He is unscrupulous just like the monk who cuckolds the merchant. He wants no moralizing or preaching so his characters seem to have no consciences.
1. Who is the central character in the story?
2. What is his special mark of devotion to the Virgin Mary?
3. Why do the Jews in the story hate the boy so much?
4. Describe the grim nature of the boy's murder.
5. What miraculous circumstance attends the finding of the murdered boy?
6. How is the abbot able to release the boy's soul?
7. How do the Catholics interpret the child's amazing singing?
8. How does the modern reader account for the treatment of the Jews in this tale?
9. Why is it appropriate that this tale should be told by the Prioress?
10. What happens to the Jews in the tale?...
(The entire section is 225 words.)
l. What elements of the romance are found in the story of Sir Thopas?
2. What leads the reader to understand that the story is a parody?
3. On what ancient form of literature is the Tale of Melibeus based?
4. What causes Harry Bailley to disapprove of The Tale of Sir Thopas?
5. Why does he approve of the Tale of Melibeus?
6. What kind of a wife is Prudence in the story of Melibeus?
7. Explain how The Tale of Sir Thopas is a joke on the Host.
8. In what way does the story of Melibeus complete the joke?
9. What does the Narrator call the divisions in The Tale of Sir Thopas?
10. What is...
(The entire section is 268 words.)
1. What kind of a wife does the Host have?
2. How does the description of Harry Bailley's married state fit in with the theme of many of the tales?
3. What is the Host's opinion of the clergy?
4. How does the Monk respond to the teasing of the Host?
5. What is the theme of The Monk's Tale?
6. From what sources are the examples drawn?
7. The Monk's Tale is not actually a story. What is it?
8. List three of the 17 notable figures described in this section.
9. Against what is the Monk warning the listeners?
10. Why must the listeners not trust in these things?
(The entire section is 240 words.)
1. In what genre is The Nun's Priest's Tale written?
2. How do the rooster and the hens and the fox reflect the typical format of this genre?
3. How has Chaucer altered the traditional plot of this old tale?
4. What is the obvious moral theme?
5. What is the more subtle theme of the story?
6. What is Chanticleer's great fault?
7. What is the redeeming quality that prevents his destruction?
8. What commentary about the nature of women is inserted in this tale?
9. What brings an end to the long list of tragedies the Monk was recounting?
10. How has the Monk revenged himself on Harry...
(The entire section is 212 words.)
1. At what age was the Wife of Bath first married?
2. Name two arguments that the Wife uses in her defense of the married state.
3. What is the Wife's "philosophy" of marriage?
4. How has the Wife changed as she has aged?
5. In what way were her fourth and fifth husbands different from the first three?
6. What ongoing argument begins in this prologue?
7. What type of tale does the Wife tell?
8. For what crime is the young knight being punished?
9. Why is it fitting that this tale should be told by the Wife of Bath?
10. How does the ending of the story reconcile with the Wife's...
(The entire section is 240 words.)
1. What insulting remark about summoners is made by the Friar in his prologue?
2. How does the pilgrim Summoner respond to the insult?
3. In what way might a sinner in the tale have the charges of the summoner dismissed?
4. Who does the stranger he meets say he is?
5. What causes the summoner in the tale to declare eternal brotherhood for the stranger?
6. What is the real identity of the stranger?
7. Why don't the farmer's curses send his animal to hell?
8. Why do the curses of the old woman have the result of sending the summoner to hell?
9. What is the theme of this story?
(The entire section is 238 words.)
1. What is the reaction of the Summoner to The Friar's Tale?
2. What happens in the Summoner's joke about the friars?
3. What happened to the prayers that were supposed to be
offered for all who donated to the friars?
4. Why is Thomas so angry with the friar?
5. How does the friar try to calm his benefactor's anger?
6. What new donation does Thomas make by way of response to the friar's sermon?
7. To whom does the friar take his case against Thomas?
8. What distracts the lord of the shire from dealing with the
9. Who finally solves the problem of dividing the "gift"?
(The entire section is 246 words.)
1. What promise does Griselda make to Walter before accepting his offer of marriage?
2. Name each of the tests Walter applies to test Griselda's loyalty.
3. Does Walter ever relent in his testing of his wife?
4. On which two Italian classics is The Cleric's Tale based?
5. Which two genres are represented in this story?
6. Why does Walter not allow the people to select his wife for him?
7. How does Walter use public opinion to persuade the Pope to grant nullification of his marriage?
8. When she comes to her father's house, who do the people think Walter's daughter is?
9. How is the hearer intended...
(The entire section is 276 words.)
1. Describe the trickery and deception used to dupe January.
2. What is the literary genre of The Merchant's Tale?
3. What elements of the romance are incorporated?
4. What is the theme of this tale?
5. What is this story saying about marriage?
6. What does the Merchant reveal about his own marriage in his prologue?
7. Who sympathizes with him?
8. What is the significance of the names of the husband and wife in this tale?
9. What is the function of the advisors to the old knight?
10. Why is it appropriate that this tale be told by the Merchant?
(The entire section is 262 words.)
1. What element is inserted in The Squire's Tale that is not present in any of the others?
2. What is the probable theme of this tale?
3. What elements of the romance are present in this fragment?
4. What type of tale is the falcon's story intended to imitate?
5. What gifts does the mysterious knight bring Cambiuskan?
6. Describe the magical properties of each of the gifts.
7. Who has sent the strange knight?
8. What event is being celebrated when the bearer of gifts enters?
9. Why does the Host invite the Squire to tell a love story?
10. What is the Franklin's opinion of the Squire?...
(The entire section is 259 words.)
1. What quality of the nobility does the Franklin admire most and try to imitate in his tale?
2. What is the rash promise made by Dorigen which is the source of all the trouble in The Franklin's Tale?
3. In what literary genre is this story written?
4. What is the theme of this tale?
5. From what sources did Chaucer borrow in creating The Franklin's Tale?
6. What is the effect on Aurelius when Dorigen rebuffs him?
7. Who stands by Aurelius during all of his trials?
8. How is the impossible feat of removing the rocks finally accomplished?
9. When he cannot pay his debt, what does Aurelius promise to...
(The entire section is 225 words.)
l. What characteristic of an exemplum is found in The Physician's Tale?
2. How are The Franklin's Tale, The Physician's Tale, and The Second Nun's Tale alike?
3. In what way are they different?
4. What is the theme of The Physician's Tale?
5. In what way does Virginius represent true justice and how does Appius represent justice corrupted?
6. How does Virginia, though pagan, fit into the medieval
Christian concept of virtuous womanhood?
7. How did Chaucer change his tale from the original?
8. On what source is The Physician's Tale based?
9. What trumped up charges put Virginia under the...
(The entire section is 260 words.)
1. What is an allegory?
2. What abstract qualities are portrayed by the evil young men in the story?
3. What is the theme of this tale?
4. What is the moral lesson of this tale?
5. What characteristics does the Pardoner reveal in his prologue?
6. How does this story fit the character of the Pardoner?
7. Why would medieval audiences have been familiar with The Pardoner's Tale?
8. How does the youngest reveler plan to kill the other two?
9. Does he kill them?
10. How does the youngest die?
1. An allegory is a tale in which the characters personify...
(The entire section is 208 words.)
1. The Second Nun's Story is the only example of what type
2. How does Cecelia maintain her virginity in marriage?
3. Why is it appropriate that this story be told by the Nun?
4. Where did the Nun learn the story of St. Cecelia?
5. Why is this slightly ironic?
6. When do angels appear in this story?
7. What may account for the absence of conversational links before and after The Second Nun's Tale?
8. For what specific refusal is Cecelia condemned to death?
9. Why doesn't the raging fire burn the young wife?
10. From what cause does St. Cecelia finally die?
(The entire section is 262 words.)
1. In what way is the prologue to this tale different from others in The Canterbury Tales?
2. What is alchemy?
3. By whom was alchemy practiced and why was its practice confined to this group?
4. Why is The Canon's Yeoman's Tale different from the other tales?
5. About what does the Canon's Yeoman seem to be in conflict?
6. What angers the pilgrim Canon? What does he do because of his anger?
7. Describe the two tricks the alchemist employs to dupe the priest in the tale.
8. What is always the outcome of alchemy?
9. According to the Canon's Yeoman, what keeps people
(The entire section is 264 words.)
1. Another rivalry among the characters is revealed in the prologue to The Manciple's Tale. Between whom is this new rivalry and what is its basis?
2. Into what genre does The Manciple's Tale fall?
3. What is the theme of this tale?
4. Why is it appropriate for the Manciple to tell this particular tale?
5. How is the Cook calmed and persuaded not to argue further with the Manciple?
6. What did Phoebus' crow look like before he was cursed?
7. How was his appearance changed after he was cursed?
8. What specifically did the bird do which so angered Phoebus?
9. How does the behavior of Phoebus' wife...
(The entire section is 225 words.)
1. How is the long sermon of the Parson appropriate to his character?
2. What is the theme of The Parson's Tale?
3. What are the sources Chaucer used in constructing this tale?
4. What kind of story were the Host and the pilgrims expecting from the Parson?
5. What comparison does the Parson make in his prologue?
6. Why does the Parson refuse to tell a fable?
7. In what genre is this tale written?
8. What requirement necessitated the clergy to instruct the laity about penitence?
9. What kind of handbook might The Parson's Tale comprise?
10. At what stage of the journey is The Parson's...
(The entire section is 200 words.)