El Cid Summary

El Cid tells the epic story of a man who fights to restore his honor after being banished.

  • El Cid is banished from Spain and forced to abandon all of his belongings. Determined to restore his name, he and his vassals conquer a series of Moorish settlements. This pleases the king, who eventually pardons El Cid.

  • El Cid, now wealthy and powerful, becomes the lord of Valencia, and his daughters marry princes.

  • The cowardly princes mistreat El Cid's daughters and El Cid enacts revenge against them. The daughters then marry kings.

  • El Cid lives the rest of his life wealthy, happy, and respected.


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Last Updated September 6, 2023.

El Cid, a medieval Spanish epic poem, narrates the remarkable life and exploits of Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, renowned as El Cid.

Born during a tumultuous period in the 11th century, El Cid's virtuous character and noble bloodline elevated him to the status of a revered Castilian hero. El Cid is set against a backdrop of political tensions and shifting societal dynamics. The epic narrative follows El Cid's journey from exile to victory, showcasing the enduring significance of honor and the resilience of the human spirit.

El Cid's relationship with King Alfonso VI of Castile, marked by both admiration and strife, turns sour when, despite his admirable qualities, he is unfairly banished from his homeland. The king's decision to exile El Cid is rooted in baseless rumors propagated by envious nobles who falsely accuse him of embezzling a portion of the taxes paid by the Moorish king of Seville to the crown. This unjust expulsion carries a profound weight, stripping him not only of his possessions and rights in Vivar but also of the care and guardianship of his cherished family.

Consequently, El Cid is compelled to part from his beloved wife, Doña Ximena, and his treasured daughters, Doña Elvira and Doña Sol, confining them to the seclusion of the monastery San Pedro de Cardeña. Venturing onto the path of exile, El Cid's aspirations for a peaceful life and his dreams of Archangel Gabriel foretelling his destined greatness shape the trajectory of his forthcoming endeavors.

El Cid garners admiration after winning battles with Castejon and Alcocer, notably boosting his influence. He sells his conquests and shifts eastward to evade reprisals, where successful battles continue, defying even King Tamin's forces.

El Cid captures nobles, including the count of Barcelona, highlighting his unmatched prowess. It is his triumphs that earn him the name "El Cid," which means "master" or "champion" in Arabic. Despite El Cid's accomplishments, the king remains steadfast in denying his return to his homeland and the reclamation of his rightful estate.

El Cid's remarkable tactical expertise and courage reach their pinnacle with the capture of Valencia in 1094. This pivotal victory solidifies his dominion and prestige within the region, casting him as a formidable power figure.

Concurrently, he endeavors to mend his relationship with the king by sending a gesture of goodwill—gifts and a hundred horses—to secure permission for himself and his homesick men to return home. Fortuitously, the king acquiesces, extending pardons to El Cid's compatriots and even granting permission for El Cid's family to reunite with him in Valencia.

El Cid's triumph over the Moors prompts King Alfonso's eventual reconciliation. The king publicly forgives and hosts El Cid and orchestrates matrimonial unions between El Cid's daughters and the princes of Carrión. Despite initial reluctance, El Cid complies, driven by his desire to maintain amicable relations with the king. The lavish weddings unfold in Valencia, marked by grand celebrations.

However, the princes' true nature is soon exposed as they reveal their cowardice during a battle against the Moroccans. Initially, El Cid defends them and commends their "bravery," while his men ridicule them for their cowardice. Infuriated, the princes fabricate a deceitful plan, pretending to visit Carrión to show their wives their native land. There, they lead their wives into a forest, subject them to physical abuse and theft of their belongings and jewelry, and heartlessly abandon them.

El Cid's cousin, Félix Muñoz, intervenes to rescue and return the traumatized young women to their father. Fueled by righteous anger, El Cid sends his trusted knight Muño Gustioza to...

(This entire section contains 716 words.)

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present a legal case before King Alfonso. The king, recognizing the heinous transgressions, orders a trial to address the disgraceful conduct of the treacherous brothers. The trial is set to take place in Toledo, where justice will be sought for the despicable actions of these dishonorable siblings.

El Cid endeavors to reclaim the prized gifts and dowries, thus laying the foundation for a trial by combat involving El Cid's loyal men. The princes' cruel treatment of their wives and their glaring lack of honor destroy their reputations, leaving them in a state of diminished esteem. In stark contrast, El Cid's unyielding resolve and unwavering commitment to integrity serve to accentuate his noble standing and elevated character.