The Calendar Criticism: Measuring Time - Essay

Meredith N. Stiles (essay date 1933)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: “The Persistence of a Relic” and “Astronomical Facts and Human Failings,” in The World's Work and the Calendar, Richard G. Badger, 1933, pp. 11-16, 22-32.

[In the following excerpt, Stiles explores the difficulty of measuring time and the origins of the calendar.]


Does it not seem strange that whereas our civilization has established fixed systems for computing the three dimensions of Space and the force of Gravity, it has failed to provide for ordinary use a fixed system for computing Time? Why has the application of good sense to Time measurement been neglected in the progress of human affairs?...

(The entire section is 4146 words.)

Arno Borst (essay date 1993)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: “The Universal Machine and Chronology in the Early Modern Period,” in The Ordering of Time: From the Ancient Computus to the Modern Computer, translated by Andrew Winnard, University of Chicago Press, 1993, pp. 101-12.

[In the following essay, Borst highlights the relationship between calendar-making and advancements in computational mathematics in the sixteenth century.]

The age of perfection began with Canon Nicholas Copernicus. In 1543 he reminded Pope Paul III of the last Lateran Council and his questio de emendando kalendario ecclesiastico. In doing so, he justified his ‘more precise computation of times [supputatio temporum], required...

(The entire section is 3926 words.)