The Byzantine Empire

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Why was Justinian important?

A) He was the Byzantine emperor who defeated the Roman Empire and conquered all of its territory for the Byzantine Empire.

B) He was the Roman emperor who divided the Roman Empire into west and east.

C) He was the Roman emperor who moved the capital from Rome to Constantinople.

D) He was the Byzantine emperor who reconquered Roman lands from the Germanic barbarians and added them to the Byzantine Empire.

Expert Answers

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The correct answer is "D."

Justinian thought of himself as Roman, and the language of his empire was Latin. He reconquered areas that the Roman empire had controlled, such as Italy, though those territories were lost after his death.

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The answer is D. Justinian was a byzantine emperor who followed his uncle Justin I and undertook military campaigns to restore territories to the empire that had previously been lost. From his uncle's reign Justinain inherited ongoing hostilities even though he believed that eternal and lasting peace could be achieved through military aims. The reconquests were territories in southern Europe that the Germanic people had won from Rome during the Iberian war.

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