There are the three major kinds of standing plans: policies, rules, and

a. Projects

b. Programs

c. Procedures

d. Standards

Quick answer:

The two major types of plans in an organization are standing and single-use. A plan defines a course of action. It outlines how an organizations overcome challenges and achieve company objectives. There are some challenges that only happen once a company uses a single-use plan for such problems. A standing plan helps the company deal with recurring problems like employee disagreements.

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Let's begin by defining our terms. A plan sets the course for an organization's actions over time, setting goals and defining objectives (tasks that help to meet goals). Plans can be either standing or single-use. Standing plans remain in place and are used repeatedly. They help organizations save time by providing go-to resources that managers and employees can easily access for guidance. In other words, with standing plans, organizations don't have to reinvent the wheel every time someone needs to make a decision. Single-use plans, on the other hand, apply to a specific event or project that will occur and then be over, making the plan obsolete.

Now we can zoom in on standing plans. There are three kinds of these. The first kind is policies. These are overall guiding structures that help an organization function smoothly. Examples of policies include those regulating employee evaluation, employment, and behavior in the workplace. Next we have rules or regulations. These address what people may or may not do within the organization. For instance, some factories prohibit various kinds of shoes or clothing for safety reasons.

This brings us to the third kind of standing plan, namely, procedures. These set out detailed, ordered actions to be followed in certain circumstances. For instance, when an employee is not performing his or her job to the manager's satisfaction, the organization's procedures might call first for a verbal warning. After that, the manager might submit a written complaint to the next higher level of authority. That next level of authority might meet with the employee. If performance does not improve, procedures might dictate a formal written reprimand to be added to the employee's file. If nothing works, the employee may end up losing their job.

Approved by eNotes Editorial
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

A standing plan, as the name suggests, is something that stands the test of time. They’re plans that can be referenced and adopted regardless of the situation or context. Unlike single-use plans, standing plans are durable and long-lasting.

Considering the relative permanence of standing plans, projects could be eliminated right away. Projects change and vary over time. Standing plans can help guide a specific project, but a project, due to its particular nature, won’t make a good standing plan.

As with projects, programs would not make good standing plans either. Programs generally lay out the methods for a specific activity. Removed from that event, a program might not have much relevance.

Standards are more difficult to eliminate. Standards could be interpreted as possessing a durable, longstanding importance. After all, most companies will highlight their high, upright standards regardless of the project or program. However, viewed another way, standards could be thought of as more single-use since standards could change depending on the situation. For example, different projects and programs could lead to different standards.

Finally, there’s procedures. Procedures are the ways in which a company handles specific situations that might arise. If a coworker thinks another coworker is treating them unfairly, a company is supposed to have procedures so that the coworker can issue a complaint without impacting their performance or status within the company. Regardless of the project, program, or standards, these procedures should stay the same. To change the procedures would imply favorability or bias, which isn’t fair. Thus, in this light, procedures become long-standing plans and the answer to the multiple-choice question.

Approved by eNotes Editorial
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

A policy is an example of a standing plan. An organization sets up policies for administrative control. For example, company policy may state that management must treat all workers fairly and nobody should be discriminated against because of their gender, beliefs, sexual orientation, or race. People are brought up differently. Your beliefs may not be the same as your colleagues. Without equality policies, they’d be a lot of disunity. This is an issue that comes up time and time again. Policies help to unite the workforce.

A procedure is another example of a standing plan. Companies will always require employees to run things. If there wasn’t a procedure for hiring, the management would hire anybody seeking a job. The lack of screening would result in a substandard workforce. As a result, productivity would be low. A procedure explains how things should be done. Procedures help the company to avoid personnel problems.

Rules are also part of the standing plan. People reveal their personalities through their clothes. Some people may be offended by the way another person dresses. That’s why companies have a dressing rule. You must wear formal clothes to the office. That way, the management avoids questionable dressing choices by employees.

Approved by eNotes Editorial
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Standing plans are those plans in organizations that can be used repeatedly because they apply to situations that can arise more than once. They are unlike single-use plans, which can only be used for a specific period of time (such as a budget) or for a certain project. The three major kinds of standing plans are policies, rules, and answer "C," procedures. A policy establishes guidelines that define actions that meet the organizational goals. Rules refer to the actions that an employee must take in a certain situation. A procedure defines the actions that have to be followed to accomplish a goal. Projects and programs are not kinds of standing plans, as they are single-use in nature; that is, they are meant to be followed for a specific task or a specific period of time but are not meant to be used repeatedly. 

Approved by eNotes Editorial
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles


A standing plan is a plan that a business (generally) implement to deal with situations that can occur again and again. Looking at your question and this definition I am sure that there are two that can be ruled out immediately. If you want another reference that can provide you with more detail on standing plans and types of standing plans you can utilize it here. [i]


This link provides the definition of each word you are looking for and how it relates to standing plans.[ii] Both links provided should answer your questions with a little bit of investigation!





See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access
Approved by eNotes Editorial