The Bulletin and the Rise of Australian Literary Nationalism Criticism: Overviews - Essay

H. M. Green (essay date 1961)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Green, H. M. “Magazines.” In A History of Australian Literature: Pure and Applied, Volume I, 1789-1923, pp. 719-36. Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1961.

[In the following essay, Green chronicles the history of the Bulletin and discusses other Australian literary periodicals published between 1880 and 1931.]

This was the great age of the Australian magazine. That does not imply, of course, that its standards have not in a number of instances been reached or surpassed, but it suddenly burgeoned in a manner that would not have been expected by anyone unacquainted with the predisposing causes, leaving the succeeding age to proceed with a more regular and...

(The entire section is 7552 words.)

Richard White (essay date 1981)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: White, Richard. “Bohemians and the Bush.” In Inventing Australia: Images and Identity 1688-1980, pp. 85-109. Sydney: George Allen & Unwin, 1981.

[In the following essay, White details the rise of national consciousness among Australian writers, artists, and intellectuals in the 1880s and 1890s.]

The brave Bohemians, heart in hand,
March on their way with spirits free;
They count not moments, sand by sand,
But spill the hour-glass royally.
With wine and jest and laughter long,
Their lives appear to pass, may be;
But still beneath the river's song,
There sounds the sobbing of the sea.

Victor Daley1

From the 1880s,...

(The entire section is 9938 words.)

David Carter and Gillian Whitlock (essay date 1989)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Carter, David, and Gillian Whitlock. “Institutions of Australian Literature.” In Australian Studies: A Survey, edited by James Walter, pp. 109-35. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1989.

[In the following excerpt, Carter and Whitlock analyze the content, style, and public role of the Bulletin in the last decades of the nineteenth century.]

… Just as literature has played a major role in discussions of national identity, so too have questions of national identity played a key role in determining how people have read and discussed Australian literature. Literary texts have been read with such questions in mind as: How ‘Australian’ is this book?...

(The entire section is 10049 words.)