The Bulletin and the Rise of Australian Literary Nationalism Criticism: Australian Literary Nationalism - Essay

Bruce Nesbitt (essay date 1971)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Nesbitt, Bruce. “Literary Nationalism and the 1890s.” Australian Literary Studies 5, no. 1 (May 1971): 3-17.

[In the following essay, Nesbitt recounts the debate between realism and romanticism conducted by Henry Lawson and “Banjo” Paterson in the pages of the Bulletin during the 1890s, suggesting its impact in accelerating Australian literary nationalism.]

As every culture advances toward maturity, R. W. B. Lewis has suggested, it seems ‘to produce its own determining debate over the ideas that preoccupy it’.1 In the nineteenth century, Australians certainly participated enthusiastically in numerous controversies about the great...

(The entire section is 6472 words.)

Geoffrey Serle (essay date 1973)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Serle, Geoffrey. “National Inspiration c. 1885.” In From Deserts the Prophets Come: The Creative Spirit in Australia 1788-1972, pp. 60-88. Melbourne: William Heineman, 1973.

[In the following excerpt, Serle stresses the relationship of the Bulletin to the national literary awakening of Australia in the 1890s.]

The 80s were the springtime, adolescent period of Australian history. In these boom years, the utopian assumption of Australia's destiny an another United States, peopled by a chosen white race, superior to the Old World and free from its vices, held sway as never since. The native-born were taking over, and in Victoria the Australian Natives'...

(The entire section is 5230 words.)

Douglas Jarvis (essay date 1981)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Jarvis, Douglas. “The Development of an Egalitarian Poetics in the Bulletin, 1880-1890.” Australian Literary Studies 10, no. 1 (May 1981): 22-34.

[In the following essay, Jarvis explores the literary values of the Bulletin and their significance to Australian society in the 1880s.]

In the period 1880 to 1890 the Bulletin was formulating the editorial policy and the literary attitudes for which it was later to become notorious. The literary attitudes expressed in the columns of dramatic and other criticism and in articles with titles like ‘Literature in Australia’ are significant both as developments of attitudes and preoccupations...

(The entire section is 6266 words.)

Gerhard Stilz (essay date 1990)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Stilz, Gerhard. “Nationalism before Nationhood: Overseas Horizons in the Debates of the 1880s.” Australian Literary Studies 14, no. 4 (October 1990): 476-88.

[In the following essay, Stilz studies international inspiration and domestic contention in the development of an Australian national literature in the 1880s.]

In 1888, the year of the Australian Centennial, the Sydney Bulletin, otherwise no mean advocate of nationalising Australian culture, observed with some sarcasm:

During the present period of high-falutin, Centennial ‘blow’, Australia has pulled herself together and carefully and categorically gone...

(The entire section is 6103 words.)