Critical Evaluation

(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Bullet Park is John Cheever’s third novel. His long and distinguished writing career was capped by many honors, including two National Book Awards, the Pulitzer Prize for Literature (1979), and the Edward McDowell Medal in the Arts (1979). Much of his work, including the first chapter of Bullet Park, appeared originally in the magazine The New Yorker. His subject matter centers largely on the suburban types of Bullet Park. His stature as a writer, however, is greater than that of a journalistic social satirist.

Bullet Park proved problematic to early reviewers, who were disappointed that it veered away from the satirical humor with which Cheever had become identified, told a preposterous story without narrative logic, and plunged without warning into absurdist melodrama. However, criticism over time has reclaimed the novel’s reputation. Difficult and complex, Bullet Park is a fine and rewarding novel.

A comparison of its two major figures, Eliot Nailles and Paul Hammer, defines the conflicts that shape this apparently malformed story. The suburbanite Nailles carries his share of psychological baggage. He gets through the day anesthetized with drugs and alcohol. His son, Tony, resents him deeply. His wife, Nellie, seems to have lost her way. His prayers and his opinions are perfunctory and shallow. He is, moreover, an advertising executive for Spang mouthwash. Readers of Cheever know what to think of admen. Nailles’s supposed lack of substance, judged from the article in the dental journal, induces Hammer to select him as his victim. Nailles proves to be more than a stereotype, however, in the way he understands his world. He is deeply committed to his wife and especially to his son. He earns a living in the hostile city to preserve the domicile where his wife and son retreat for protection, and where he returns with gratitude each...

(The entire section is 782 words.)