Other Literary Forms

(Literary Essentials: Short Fiction Masterpieces)

Two collections of stories were the only literary works Bruno Schulz published during his lifetime. Since 1964, all of his extant works have been published in Poland; these have included prose sketches, essays and critical reviews of other literary works, and letters. The main collections in Polish are Proza (1964; prose) and Ksiga listów (1975; collected letters, edited by Jerzy Ficowski). All of his papers, and sketches for a work titled “Mesjasz” (the messiah), were destroyed during World War II.

Before he became known as a writer, Bruno Schulz was active as an engraver, sketch artist, and painter. Two collections of his artistic production are available in English: Letters and Drawings of Bruno Schulz (1988) and The Drawings of Bruno Schulz (1990). Schulz’s drawings, variously erotic and grotesque, call to mind George Grosz, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, and Marc Chagall. Schulz often depicts sadomasochistic themes, showing men groveling at the feet of women. Among his drawings are illustrations for a number of his stories, including “Sanatorium Under the Sign of the Hourglass,” “Spring,” and a few others.