Critical Evaluation

(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

The predecessors of Buchi Emecheta’s The Bride Price, the novels In the Ditch (1972) and Second-Class Citizen (1974), narrate the lives of Nigerians living in London. If the obstacles Nigerian women find there include indigenous sexist attitudes on the part of their husbands, then both men and women struggle to live in a different culture, marginalized by British racist attitudes. Emecheta’s third published novel, however, is set exclusively in Nigeria; indeed, most of the story takes place in provincial Ibuza, removed from the culturally pluralistic capital of Lagos. Although British law has circumscribed certain customs of the Ibo, the tribal grouping of The Bride Price, only one white person, the head of the local mission, actually appears in the novel, and does so briefly. The society whose virtues and vices are here depicted is relatively untouched by the West.

In the tradition of Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart (1958), still the best-known African novel and also set among the Ibo, the third-person narrative voice carefully brings the reader to an understanding of and a respect for traditional culture—its assumptions and beliefs and the customs that flow from these beliefs. Like Achebe, Emecheta instructs the reader about the chi, or personal god, and about the ogbanje, or the living dead. Also like Achebe, Emecheta quotes Ibo proverbs for the insight they provide into the culture that produced them and which they reflect. The narrative voice also omnisciently informs readers of the great strength of Ibo culture: The Ibo have what is called by psychologists “the group mind”;...

(The entire section is 696 words.)