(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Thirteen-year-old Aku-nna and her brother, Nna-nndo, two years younger, arrive home from school to find Aku-nna’s father, Ezekiel Odia, unexpectedly standing in the middle of the family’s one-room apartment. Obviously ill at ease, he tells his children that he is going to the hospital to have his foot examined. He had earlier injured his foot during service in World War II. He says that he will be back for the evening meal, adding that Aku-nna and Nna-nndo should remember always that they are his children.

Despite a patriarchal social structure in which daughters are devalued, Aku-nna feels a special bond with her father and knows that he, in turn, loves her. Her name means “father’s wealth,” and Aku-nna has resolved to make a good marriage so that her bride price—the money paid to the family of the bride by that of the groom—will please him.

It is now evening, and Ezekiel has not returned from the hospital. More than three weeks later, the children realize that their father had died in the hospital. His funeral is a mixture of African and European traditions. Brother and sister are now in a serious plight: A family without a father is deemed one without a head or shelter, a family that does not exist. Aku-nna hears an aunt say that she will be married quickly so that her bride price may pay for her brother’s schooling.

Before Ezekiel’s death, Ma Blackie, his wife, had returned to her home town of Ibuza in the hope that indigenous practices could help restore her fertility and enable her to give him another son. Alarmed by rumors of her husband’s ill health, she now decides to return to Lagos, where she learns of his death. Some weeks later, she, Aku-nna, and Nna-nndo take the only course of action open to them: They return to the mother’s home town, the lack of a breadwinner making life in expensive Lagos impossible. The three arrive in Ibuza and happen to meet two young men on bicycles, one of whom is Chike, the handsome young headmaster of the local school. The ambition of Aku-nna—delicate, sensitive, and intelligent—is now to acquire enough education to become a teacher herself and thus help her mother. Chike, however, is not allowed to associate with the daughters of good families, so Aku-nna hopes Chike will at least be able to help her get the necessary certificate.

During the journey from Lagos to Ibuza, Aku-nna had noticed how the modern city had gradually given way to a more simple rural life. She comes to learn that Ibuza, in midwestern Nigeria, is much more traditional than Lagos. Okonkwo, Ezekiel’s brother, marries Ma Blackie as his fourth wife, according to custom. She soon becomes pregnant and, therefore, happy. Okonkwo wishes to take the higher title of...

(The entire section is 1124 words.)


(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

The Bride Price, set in Lagos in the early 1950s, opens with the thirteen-year-old Aku-nna (whose name means “a father’s wealth”) and her eleven-year-old brother, Nna-nndo (“father is the shelter”) walking into their apartment and seeing their father, Ezekiel Odia, home from work. He explains that he is going to the hospital for medical attention for a foot wound he had received while fighting in World War II, but he promises to be back by the evening meal. When he does not return, two uncles, Uche and Joseph, come to assist, for the children’s mother, Ma Blackie (so named because of her black skin) is in Ibuza, visiting the river goddess because of fertility problems. Three weeks later, the father does return—to be buried. The children realize that they are orphans and that their lives will no longer be the same.

Once Ma Blackie returns to Lagos, the family learns its fate: They are to move to Ibuza, as Ma Blackie is to live with her husband’s older brother, Okonkwo. Ezekiel has made financial provisions for his family; consequently, they can remain together. Ma Blackie is able to invest in and trade palm oil, and Nna-nndo, as well as Aku-nna, who will be forced to marry so the bride price can be used to ensure her brother’s education, are able to remain in school. Ma Blackie soon becomes Okonkwo’s fourth wife.

Aku-nna quickly captures the attention of her twenty-four-year-old schoolteacher, Chike Ofolue, because she is quiet yet intelligent. Nevetheless, she is informed by her cousin that the Ibuza women are not allowed to associate with...

(The entire section is 652 words.)