Brazilian Literature Criticism: Overviews And General Studies - Essay

Roberto Schwarz (essay date 1992)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Schwarz, Roberto. “The Importing of the Novel to Brazil and Its Contradictions in the Work of Alencar.” In Misplaced Ideas: Essays on Brazilian Culture, edited by John Gledson, pp. 41-77. London: Verso, 1992.

[In the following essay, Schwarz discusses the rise of the novel in Brazil, focusing particularly on the works of José de Alencar.]

The novel had existed in Brazil before there were any Brazilian novelists.1 So when they appeared, it was natural that they should follow the European models, both good and bad, which had already become entrenched in our reading habits. An obvious statement, perhaps, but one which has many implications: our...

(The entire section is 18117 words.)

Randal Johnson (essay date winter 1994)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Johnson, Randal. “The Dynamics of the Brazilian Literary Field, 1930-1945.”1Luso-Brazilian Review 31, no. 2 (winter 1994): 5-22.

[In the following essay, Johnson draws parallels between the political conditions and the changing literary scene in Brazil during the 1930s and 1940s, noting that Brazilian writing of that period maps the relationships between control and influence in Brazilian society.]

Nos anos 1930 e 1940 o campo literário brasileiro passou por uma profunda reestruturação. Durante esse período, o modernismo canonizou-se e institucionalizou-se, novas gerações de escritores surgiram e a divisão do trabalho...

(The entire section is 9749 words.)