Brazilian Literature Criticism: Modernism And Postmodernism In Brazil - Essay

Zilá Bernd (essay date 1994)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Bernd, Zilá. “The Construction and Deconstruction of Identity in Brazilian Literature.” In Latin American Identity and Constructions of Difference, edited by Amaryll Chanady, translation by Chanady, pp. 86-103. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994.

[In the following essay, Bernd discusses two Brazilian epics, particularly their focus on the use of mythology and tradition in order to articulate a national literature and identity.]

Identity cannot have a different form from that of narrative, because to define oneself is, in the last analysis, to narrate.

—Paul Ricoeur, Temps et...

(The entire section is 5600 words.)

Zita Nunes (essay date 1994)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Nunes, Zita. “Anthropology and Race in Brazilian Modernism.” In Colonial Discourse/Postcolonial Theory, edited by Francis Barker, Peter Hulme, and Margaret Iversen, pp. 115-25. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994.

[In the following essay, Nunes contends that most Brazilian literature is deeply concerned with the definition of a national identity.]

                    Pouca saúde e muita saúva
                    Os males do Brasil sao.

With fewer ants and better health Brazil will lead the world in wealth.

(Mario de Andrade, Macunaíma)1


(The entire section is 5329 words.)

Randal Johnson (essay date 1999)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Johnson, Randal. “Brazilian Modernism: An Idea Out of Place?” In Modernism and Its Margins: Reinscribing Cultural Modernity from Spain and Latin America, edited by Anthony L. Geist and José B. Monleón, pp. 186-214. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1999.

[In the following essay, Johnson reviews the Brazilian modernist movement of the 1920s and 1930s as a response to European modernist movements as well as a cultural expression of postcolonial Brazil.]

We are neither Europeans nor North Americans. Lacking an original culture, nothing is foreign to us because everything is. The painful construction of ourselves develops within the...

(The entire section is 10295 words.)