Brazilian Literature Criticism: Brazilian Poetry - Essay

Cassiano Nunes (essay date March 1968)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Nunes, Cassiano. “The Characteristics of Modern Poetry in Brazil.” Comparative Literature Studies 5, no. 1 (March 1968): 21-39.

[In the following essay, Nunes describes the growth of modern poetry in Brazil, focusing on the works of such authors as Murilo de Arajújo, Raul Bopp, Cassiano Ricardo, and Mário de Andrade.]

A complete understanding of the phenomenon of Brazilian Modernism is possible only by examining it on three planes; universal, continental, and national. Brazilian Modernism is, in this first plane of universality, a result of the circumstance of Time, even as it lives as a national artistic movement with repercussions in all facets of life....

(The entire section is 6603 words.)

Mark J. Curran (essay date 1982)

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Curran, Mark J. “Brazil's Literatura de Cordel: Its Distribution and Adaptation to the Brazilian Mass Market.” Studies in Latin American Popular Culture 1 (1982): 164-78.

[In the following essay, Curran expounds on the literature de cordel, a popular form of narrative poetry written by Brazilian poets of the Northeast, and the means by which it is marketed to the Brazilian public.]

The literatura de cordel [popular literature in verse] is that body of narrative poetry with folk-popular characteristics which is written by literate or semi-literate poets principally from Brazil's Northeast.1 Although popular poetry—that is, written...

(The entire section is 6171 words.)