Why is Bokanovsky's Process a major instrument of social stability?

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The Bokanovsky process is important for social stability as envisioned in the novel Brave New World. The purpose of this process was to enable the government to control the population and the functions of the people in society. This process was specifically used for the lower caste of the society as established in the novel. It involved human cloning where the genetic makeup of the individuals born was identical. The process produced identical sets of clones with different features between the sets. The reason for this was every set had a specific role to play in the society. The clones working in different environments had to have different adaptations. For instance those working in the foundry had to be heat-conditioned.

In summary, the Bokanovsky process as applied by the government was envisioned to cultivate a stable society that functions efficiently.

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What the leaders of the brave new world are trying to do is to make it so that everyone in the society (and especially within each caste) will be as similar as possible.  They want people to be the same, in part, so there will be little to no conflict between people and the society will be completely stable.

That is why the Bokanovsky Process is such an important instrument of social stability, especially for the lower castes.  By creating people who are completely identical the leaders of the society can make the people as identical as possible.  When people are identical, at least according to the book, they will respond in the same ways and will not come in conflict with one another.  As the Director says:

Standard men and women; in uniform batches. The whole of a small factory staffed with the products of a single bokanovskified egg. "Ninety-six identical twins working ninety-six identical machines!"
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Explain why Bokanovsky's Process is one of the major instruments of social stability in Brave New World?

The Bokanovsky process in Brave New World is basically cloning. With one egg dipped in the sperm solution at the hatchery building, fertilizers can create up to 96 identical human beings.

Being able to control the population of the world like this contributes to social stability because the controllers can always make sure they have enough gammas, deltas and epsilons available to do the work that has to be done at each caste level of society.

Without the ability to control the numbers of people in each caste, world leaders would be at the mercy of fate, disease, or conflict when it comes to world population.  For example, let's say it takes 20,000 epsilons to man the waste stations. However, a deadly disease one year wiped out 1/2 of them. This would leave the socity unstable, because there wouldn't be enough workers to complete the tasks necessary to keep the society running.

With Bokanovsky, however, if disease wiped out a good segment of a class, they could pop out batches of 96 clones in a relatively short period of time, restoring social order and making enough people to complete the jobs that need to be done.

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