Media Adaptations

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  • Brave New World was adapted as a made-for television movie in 1980, directed by Burt Brinckerhoff and starring Kristoffer Tabori as John Savage, Bud Cort as Bernard Marx, and Marcia Strassman as Lenina Crowne.

Bibliography and Further Reading

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Baugh, Albert C., ed. A Literary History of England, 2nd ed. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1948.

Boyce, Charles. Shakespeare A to Z. New York: Roundtable Press, 1990.

Cross, Arthur Lyon, PhD. A Shorter History of England and Greater Britain. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1955.

Engle, T. L., and Snellgrove, Louis. Psychology: Its Principles and Applications, 9th ed. Orlando: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1989.

Harrison, G. B., ed. Shakespeare: The Complete Works. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1952.

Hoffman, Frederick J. “Aldous Huxley and the Novel of Ideas.” In Aldous Huxley: A Collection of Critical Essays, edited by Robert E. Kuehn. Prentice Hall, 1974, pp. 8-17.

Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. New York: Harper & Row, 1946.

———. Brave New World Revisited. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.

Hynes, Samuel. The Auden Generation: Literature and Politics in England in the 1930’s. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1976.

Keith, M. May. Aldous Huxley. Harper & Row, 1972.

Locher, Frances Carol, ed. Contemporary Authors, Volumes 85-88. Michigan: Gale Research Company, 1980.

Macrone, Michael. Brush Up Your Shakespeare! New York: Harper Collins, 1992.

Meckier, Jerome. Aldous Huxley: Satire and Structure. Chatto & Windus, 1969.

Nance, Guinevera A. Aldous Huxley. Continuum, 1988.

Sexton, James. “Brave New World and the Rationalization of Industry.” In Critical Essays on Aldous Huxley, edited by Jerome Meckier. G.K. Hall, 1996, pp. 88-102.

Smith, Grover, ed. Letters of Aldous Huxley. Chatto & Windus, 1969.

Temple, Ruth Z., and Martin Tucker, eds. Library of Literary Criticism: Modern British Literature, Vol. II: H to P. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1966.

Thody, Philip. Huxley: A Biographical Introduction. Scribner’s, 1973.

Woodcock, George. Dawn and the Darkest Hour: A Study of Aldous Huxley. Faber & Faber, 1972.

For Further Study

Baker, Robert S. The Dark Historic Page: Social Satire and Historicism in the Novels of Aldous Huxley 1921-1939. University of Wisconsin Press, 1974. Baker discusses Huxley’s aversion to “historical thought.”

Bedford, Sybille. Aldous Huxley: A Biography. Knopf, 1974. Bedford’s biography is based on published works, documentaries, and personal accounts.

Birnbaum, Milton. Aldous Huxley’s Quest for Values. University of Tennessee Press, 1971. This is an exploration of Huxley’s ability to articulate the pulse of twentieth-century thought.

Bowering, Peter. Aldous Huxley: A Study of the Major Novels. Oxford University Press, 1969. Bowering examines nine of Huxley’s eleven novels.

Brander, Lawrence. Aldous Huxley: A Critical Study. Bucknell University Press, 1970. Brander’s study is of Huxley’s novels, essays, short stories, and travelogues.

Clareson, Thomas D. “The Classic: Aldous Huxley’s ‘Brave New World’.” In Extrapolation, Vol. 3, no. 1, December, 1961, pp. 33-40. An analysis of Brave New World, praising the universalism of Huxley’s vision and ideas, by an American educator and critic. Clareson is also considered an authority on the genre of science fiction.

Firchow, Peter. Aldous Huxley: Satirist and Novelist. University of Minnesota Press, 1972. Firchow’s focus is satire in Huxley’s essays and novels.

Ghose, Sisirkamar. Aldous Huxley: A Cynical Salvationist. Asia Publishing, 1962. Ghose studies Huxley’s times, religious worldview, and novels.

Henderson, Alexander. Aldous Huxley. Russell and Russell, 1964. This is a study of Huxley’s life, four novels, criticism, poetry, and travel books.

Huxley, Julian, ed. Aldous Huxley: 1894–1963. Harper & Row, 1965. This is a book of tributes to Huxley made by friends, family, and admirers after his death.


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Bowering, Peter. Aldous Huxley: A Study of the Major Novels. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969. Devotes a chapter to Brave New World, concentrating particularly on its themes of technological slavery and the limits of freedom. Includes substantial character analysis.

Firchow, Peter. Aldous Huxley: Satirist and Novelist. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1972. Devotes most of chapter 5 to discussion of Brave New World as a dystopian novel. Considers it as a satirical parable modeled on the Grand Inquisitor episode in The Brothers Karamazov.

Meckier, Jerome. “Debunking Our Ford: My Life and Work and Brave New World.” South Atlantic Quarterly 78, no. 2 (Autumn, 1979): 448–459. Examines the relationship between Henry Ford’s autobiography and Huxley’s dystopia. Huxley was alarmed by the parts of the American ethos that he thought Ford represented.

Murray, Nicholas. Aldous Huxley: A Biography. New York: St. Martin’s, 2003. Murray’s 500-plus page biography and intellectual history is a wide-ranging survey of Huxley’s writing and his social, personal, and political life. The book stretches from Huxley’s early satirical writing to his peace activism, from his close relations and friendships with Hollywood filmmakers and other intellectuals, to his fascination with spirituality and mysticism. Illustrations, bibliography, and index.

Nance, Guinevera. Aldous Huxley. New York: Continuum, 1988. Chapter 3 offers a critical summary and evaluation of the novel. Considers its themes and gives particular attention to the moral implications of the Savage.

Watts, Harold H. Aldous Huxley. Boston: Twayne, 1969. One chapter discusses the novel as dystopian fiction, examines its themes, structures, and characterizations, and considers its artistic value. A good general introduction to the novel.

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Historical and Social Context