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Themes

(Drama for Students)

Willpower
Depending on how one looks at the ambiguous ending of the play, Brand's iron strength of will is either a curse or a blessing. If one interprets the ending statement, ‘‘God is Love!’’ to mean that Brand should have focused less on prideful will and more on love, then it is a curse. If, however, one takes the voice to mean that God is acknowledging Brand's hard work and welcoming him to heaven at the hour of Brand's death, then his will is a blessing. In any case, Brand's will is his personal driving force, and it becomes the driving force of the play. With rare exception, the other characters are not able to use their strength of willpower in the absolute way that Brand does. As Brand notes after the peasant and his son refuse to cross the mountains to be with the peasant's dying daughter, Brand would help people like this if he could: "But help is useless to a man / Who does not will save where he can!

In other words, if somebody is only willing to give up items that are expendable, then it is not a true sacrifice. When it comes to giving up irreplaceable items, such as one's life, most people fail the test, as Brand says: ‘‘Much will they give with willing mind, / Leave them but Life, dear Life, behind.’’ Brand, however, follows his own ideal, as one of the village men notes after Brand braves the stormy fiord to administer last rites to a man. Says the village man, ‘‘You have the strength.... The way you showed, you went, at length.’’ In other words, Brand is not all talk; he has done exactly what he said he was going to do.

Religious Conviction
In the majority of cases, Brand's will is tied to his religious conviction. Unlike the villagers, who Brand says follow a ‘‘bald, grey, skullcappated God,’’ a meek divine being that is convenient for the villagers, Brand's God is a powerful vision from more devout times: ‘‘And He is young, like Hercules,— / No grandad in the seventies.’’ Brand's vision of God does not allow a compromise. Instead, Brand, in serving his God, adheres to the phrase ‘‘Naught or All!’’ which does not give room for compromise. Throughout the story, he lives by this strict code and insists that anybody who follows him does the same. At the end of the play, a number of townspeople become inspired by Brand's impassioned sermon and follow him into the mountains.

However, it is not long before the crowd starts complaining about the harsh conditions in the mountains. ‘‘I haven't had a crumb today,’’ says one person, instigating several to ask for food and drink. Other people cry out such complaints as "My child is sick!’’ and ‘‘My foot is sore!’’ Brand admonishes them: ‘‘The wage before the work you claim,’’ saying that they need to work before they will get their salvation. Several members of the crowd take this to mean that they will get their salvation during their lives and start asking very specific questions such as "Can I be certain of my life?'' and "What's my share, when the prize is won?'' Brand tells them that they must give up their tendency to compromise and that their reward will be in heaven, and the crowd, who feels tricked, turns on Brand. The rigid religious conviction that...

(The entire section is 865 words.)