The Book of Job

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Besserman, Lawrence L. The Legend of Job in the Middle Ages. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979, 177 p.

Traces the development of the legend of Job during the Middle Ages.

Bloom, Harold, ed. The Book of Job. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1988, 152 p.

Collection of critical essays on The Book of Job with an introduction by Bloom.

Borges, Jorge Luis. "The Book of Job." In Borges and His Successors: The Borgesian Impact on Literature and the Arts, edited by Edna Aizenberg, pp. 263-75. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1990.

Considers three significant interpretations of The Book of Job: as a "fable of stoicism," an examination of the origin of evil, and an illustration of "the inscrutability of God and the universe."

Brandon, S. G. F. "The Book of Job: Its Significance for the History of Religions." History Today XI, No. 8 (August 1961): 547-54.

Offers a historical discussion of The Book of Job, asserting that the work "illustrates mankind's earliest attempt to discuss the problem of innocent suffering in relation to the idea of a just and omnipotent deity."

Cook, Albert. "Job: The Root of the Thing Is Found in Me." In his The Root of the Thing: A Study of Job and The Song of Songs, pp. 11-99. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1968.

Includes discussion of the concepts of integrity, emotion, parallelism, language, and imagery in The Book of Job.

Daiches, David. "The Book of Job: God under Attack." In his God and the Poets: The Gifford Lectures, 1983, pp. 1-25.

Discusses the themes of divine justice and the problem of evil in The Book of Job.

Dillon, E. J. "The Poem of Job." In his The Sceptics of the Old Testament: Job, Koheleth, Agur, pp. 1-84. London: Isbister and Company, 1895.

Offers an analysis of The Book of Job, including discussion of the date of the work, the structure of the text, theological and philosophical implications of the work, and Hebrew philosophy.

Driver, Samuel Rolles, and Gray, George Buchanan. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on The Book of Job: Together with a New Translation. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1921, 360 p.

Offers detailed information concerning the origin and history of The Book of Job.

Feuer, Lewis S. "The Book of Job: The Wisdom of Hebraic Stoicism." In Biblical v. Secular Ethics: The Conflict, pp. 79-97, edited by R. Joseph Hoffmann and Gerald A. Larue. Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1988.

Argues that "[the] great contribution of the Book of Job to wisdom is that it refuted utterly the theology of guilt that the prophets advocated."

Fisch, Harold. "Job: Tragedy Is Not Enough." In his Poetry with a Purpose: Biblical Poetics and Interpretation, pp. 26-42. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988.

Considers the question of whether The Book of Job should be considered a tragedy.

Froude, James Anthony. "The Book of Job." In his Short Studies on Great Subjects, Vol. I, pp. 281-338. London: Long-mans, Green, and Co., 1892.

Discusses the origin and major themes of The Book of Job.

Glatzer, Nahum N. The Dimensions of Job: A Study and Selected Readings. New York: Shocken Books, 1969, 310 p.

Presents critical essays on The Book of Job from the perspectives of Judaic, Christian, and Humanist traditions. Nahum includes discussions of the issue of theodicy, the ways of God, and lessons concerning faith in The Book of Job, by such critics as Martin Buber, Ernest Renan, J. G. Herder, G. K. Chesterton, and G. W. F. Hegel.

Good, Edwin M. "Job: The Irony of Reconciliation." In his Irony in the Old Testament, pp. 196-240. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, n.d.

(This entire section contains 1304 words.)

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pp. 196-240. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, n.d.

Considers ironic aspects of The Book of Job's depiction of suffering, the friends of Job, and God.

Henry, H. T. "Mediæval Comment on Job IV:12." American Catholic Quarterly Review 42 (1 July 1971): 371-96.

Presents an overview of significant medieval commentary on The Book of Job, focusing on translations and interpretations of Job IV: 12.

Janzen, J. Gerald. In his Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching: Job. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1985, 269 p.

Offers detailed chronological commentary on the text of The Book of Job.

Jung, C. G. Answer to Job. The Collected Works of C. G. Jung, Vol. 11, Bollingen Series XX. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973, 121 p.

Addresses the problems of evil and man's ambiguous image of an omnipotent God.

Kallen, Horace M. The Book of Job as a Greek Tragedy. 1918. Reprint. New York: Hill and Wang, 1959, 163 p.

Attempts to demonstrate that The Book of Job is drama in the tradition of Greek tragedy.

Kraeling, Emil G. The Book of the Ways of God. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1938, 270 p.

Provides an interpretive and exegetical overview of The Book of Job.

Lowth, Robert. "Lecture XXXIII, 'The Poem of Job Not a Perfect Drama'." In Eighteenth-Century Critical Essays, Vol. II, edited by Scott Elledge, pp. 695-703. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1961.

Examines the form and design of The Book of Job and argues that the work should not be interpreted as a tragic drama.

Pack, Robert. "Betrayal and Nothingness." In his The Long View: Essays on the Discipline of Hope and Poetic Craft, pp. 251-76. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1991.

Presents a comparative examination of the motif of nothingness in The Book of Job and King Lear.

Penchansky, David. The Betrayal of God: Ideological Conflict in Job. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1990, 124 p.

Examines compositional aspects of Job and explores the idea that "Job embodies a powerful example of the disparate text, an act of literature that is characteristically unstable, a place of conflict."

Rowley, H. H. "The Book of Job and Its Meaning." In his From Moses to Qumran: Studies in the Old Testament, pp. 141-83. New York: Association Press, 1963.

Examines major themes within The Book of Job, and concludes that the author's intent was to depict suffering as a path to "enrichment of the fellowship of God."

Safire, William. The First Dissident: The Book of Job in Today's Politics. New York: Random House, 1992, 305 p.

Considers Job as a prototype of the political dissident, exploring parallels between the work and modern political situations.

Scherer, Paul, and Terrien, Samuel, eds. "The Book of Job." In The Interpreter's Bible, Vol. III, edited by George Arthur Buttrick and Nolan B. Harmon, pp. 877-905. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1954.

Presents a critical overview of The Book of Job, discussing the book's literary form, exegetical background, date, language, poetic structure, and theological significance. Includes a bibliography.

Snaith, Norman H. Studies in Biblical Theology: The Book of Job: Its Origin and Purpose, second series. Naperville, Ill.: Alec R. Allenson, n.d., 116 p.

Presents a critical analysis of The Book of Job and argues that the book is the work of a single author.

Sparks, George Downing. "The Hebrew Prometheus; or, The Book of Job." The Sewanee Review XI No. 1 (January 1903): 49-63.

Interprets The Book of Job as a poem "charged with the spirit of revolt."

Stevenson, William Barron. The Poem of Job: A Literary Study with a New Translation. Rev. ed. London: Oxford University Press, 1947, 123 p.

Focuses on the poetic section of The Book of Job, discussing the thematic development of the poem and considering its literary merit.

Tsevat, Matitiahu. "The Meaning of the Book of Job." In Hebrew Union College Annual, edited by Elias L. Epstein, pp. 73-106. Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, 1966.

Examines structure and themes within The Book of Job.

"The Book of Job." In Westminster Review IV (July & October, 1853): 417-50.

Evaluates German contributions to criticism of The Book of Job.

Wiesel, Elie. "Job: Our Contemporary." In his Messengers of God: Biblical Portraits and Legends, pp. 211-35. New York: Summit Books, 1976.

Interprets the figure of Job as a personification of "man's eternal quest for justice and truth."

Wilcox, John T. The Bitterness of Job: A Philosophical Reading. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1989, 243P.

Discusses origins and structure, the speeches of God, and meaning in The Book of Job.