Last Updated on May 8, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 546
Christine de Pizan
Christine de Pizan (pee-ZAWN), the narrator. Christine establishes herself as the author by placing herself in her study reading. She initiates the allegorical narrative by describing how three personified figures appear to help her construct the City of Ladies. The questions that Christine poses to her allegorical guides structure the work and connect the stories of women’s lives. Christine ensures that her presence as author receives emphasis by her repetition of the phrase “I, Christine” as she takes up a new question or topic. Although Christine’s authorial stance is a strong element, she reveals little about her personality or character in a direct manner. Indirectly, however, the reader learns about Christine’s studious habits, her relationship with her mother, her connections to French courtly circles, and her interests in women’s issues. Most important, Christine’s insertion of her name continuously reinforces her gender and thus her distinctiveness as a female author.
Lady Reason, Christine’s first allegorical guide. As Christine contemplates how women have been maligned by the misogynistic attitudes of male authors, a vision of three ladies appears to her. These allegorical personifications are all female because in Latin the gender of the abstract words that they embody is feminine. The only indications about their physical appearance are that they wear crowns and that their faces shine with a brightness that illuminates the room. Reason speaks first to Christine. Reason indicates that she holds a mirror instead of a scepter as an aid to achieving self-knowledge. As with the other two guides, the primary knowledge about Reason’s character and purpose is derived from her comments and speeches to Christine. Reason represents the reasonable. She presents logical arguments against the misogynistic viewpoints advanced by men. The foundations that she helps Christine lay for the City of Ladies are built with the contributions of women in specific realms of knowledge such as the arts and sciences.
Lady Rectitude, the second allegorical guide. When Reason finishes introducing herself to Christine, Lady Rectitude...
(The entire section contains 546 words.)
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