The Bluest Eye “Dick and Jane” and Preface Summary and Analysis
by Toni Morrison

The Bluest Eye book cover
Start Your Free Trial

Download The Bluest Eye Study Guide

Subscribe Now

“Dick and Jane” and Preface Summary and Analysis

“Dick and Jane”

The novel begins with a small passage that is similar in style to the “Dick and Jane” readers that were used for young children. Morrison uses this passage to emphasize the ideal of beauty that children are taught at an early age. The family lives in an idyllic “green-and-white” house, and Jane is wearing a “pretty red dress,” which is not the most practical of garments since she “wants to play.” The passage in the section is repeated three times, and the words come closer to each other with each repetition until the passage becomes nonsense. Morrison uses this technique to emphasize how lessons are often “drummed” into children at an early age until the lessons become fact. This information, however, is not the same as a mathematics lesson. In this “textbook,” a family that bears no connection with reality becomes the standard by which millions of children expect to live.

Although the meaning of this opening passage will become clear as the novel is read, there is one notable action in the passage that foreshadows the action of the novel. Jane is looking for someone to play with her. Why is it so difficult for Jane to find a companion? The mother “laughs” when she is asked to play, and the father “smiles.” The friendly language of the passage masks the fact that no one seems to want to play with Jane, until a “friend” is found at the passage’s end. In the perfect world suggested by the textbook, it should be easy for Jane to find a playmate. The long search shows that problems can exist in what seems to be the most perfect of places. Even Jane, in her pretty dress and beautiful house, seems to have trouble finding a friend.


A woman talks about the fall of 1941, a time when none of the marigolds that she had planted along with her sister had blossomed. These flowers were planted when they had discovered that their friend, Pecola, was pregnant with her father’s child. In their disappointment, each girl used to blame the other, but now the woman wonders if it was “the earth” that caused the flowers to die. In any case, she knows that “nothing remains but Pecola and the unyielding earth.” It is clear to her that it is too late to help her friend, so the only thing left to discuss is why this

(The entire section is 613 words.)