The Blood of the Lamb Summary
by Peter De Vries

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The Blood of the Lamb Summary

The Blood of the Lamb is a story about Christianity and perseverance to preserve one's faith. The author uses the main character, Don Wanderhope, to explain this central idea, and gives a brief history of Don in the subsequent chapters. Although he grows up in a deeply religious family, Don is influenced by his big brother, Louie Wanderhope, as a teenager and is more interested in worldly things than the spiritual ones. Louie dies at age 19 without any regrets and encourages Don to live his life as he sees fit. Don falls in love with Greta and promises to marry her before being hospitalized and postponing the wedding. In the hospital, Don falls for another girl, Rena Baker, who is also a patient. Unfortunately, Rena dies and Don begins to doubt his faith. Later, his father and Greta also fall sick and pass away, testing his faith even more. Greta leaves Don with Carol, a small girl, that he loves and takes care of until leukemia also takes her life. Don works hard to maintain his faith despite going through all of these sufferings.


(Masterpieces of American Fiction)

Peter De Vries’s The Blood of the Lamb is a deeply religious novel, although the religious sensibility is often expressed in unconventional ways: through the comic, the grotesque, the mundane, and the tragic. The novel’s protagonist, Don Wanderhope, whose name suggests a religious quest, grows up in a strict Dutch Calvinist immigrant family in Chicago and later tries to escape from the confines of his immigrant background and become more fully Americanized. Yet he finds his aspirations to the good life thwarted by a series of unhappy circumstances as baffling in their own way as the Calvinistic God whom he has eschewed. The novel is written as Wanderhope’s autobiography, with the first section presenting the rather conventional, albeit comic story of an ambitious young man, but the last part of the book, the heart of the novel, deals with the religious crisis brought on by Wanderhope’s discovery that his daughter Carol has leukemia. “What people believe is a measure of what they suffer,” Wanderhope remarks early in the novel, and his daughter’s illness tests his faith and spiritual resources.

The novel opens in the Wanderhope apartment in Chicago with Don’s father, Ben, his uncle, and other relatives arguing over the infallibility of the Bible and trying to coax Ben back to orthodoxy, while his son Louie interjects wisecracks as he dresses for a date. Understandably, Don and Louie are more interested in the secular world of Chicago than in Calvinistic Dutch Reformed theology. Don idolizes his older brother for his freethinking and worldliness, but Louie, the golden-haired, healthy boy, dies of pneumonia at the age of nineteen. After his death, Louie remains a model for his younger brother, who strives to escape from the provincialism of his Dutch immigrant background.

Eventually Don meets a Dutch Reformed girl, Greta Wigbaldy, the daughter of a successful builder, who encourages him in his worldly quest. She obtains a key to one of her father’s model homes, which they use for their rendezvous until they are caught while making love one evening when her parents arrive with buyers. Don soon finds himself committed to marry Greta.

Around this time, he contracts a slight case of tuberculosis, which requires him to go to a sanatorium near Denver for rest and recuperation. His marriage postponed indefinitely, Don finds himself bedridden and bored. He becomes a member of a small Thursday night literary group which gathers at the home of Dr. and Mrs. Simpson, but his reprieve comes when he meets Rena Baker, a lovely, demure girl who has just been moved from the infirmary to the ambulatory section. The two fall in love, although Rena is still quite ill and does not survive the winter. The pathos of Rena’s death foreshadows that of Don’s daughter Carol later, as does Dr. Simpson’s confession that he had a son, Stevie, who died of leukemia. Rena’s death further erodes Don’s faith, as he...

(The entire section is 1,579 words.)