Download PDF Print Page Citation Share Link

Last Reviewed on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 309

Black Water by Joyce Carol Oates is a novella based on the tragic Chappaquiddick incident, in which Senator Ted Kennedy drove off a one-lane bridge late one evening in July 1969. Kennedy was able to escape, but his passenger, campaign staffer Mary Jo Kopechne, drowned. In Black Water, Oates changes the names of the characters—Kennedy’s character is referred to simply as “the Senator,” and Mary Jo is Kelly Kelleher. Oates also updates the timeframe from 1969 to the Reagan era.

Illustration of PDF document

Download Black Water Study Guide

Subscribe Now

The version Oates spins delves deep inside the mind of Kelly, summoning her thoughts, hopes, and dreams and imagining what it was like for this young woman to meet an important senator and become the object of his attention. The novella recounts their meeting at a Fourth of July party and how the Senator’s brief attentions and wooing led to Kelly’s fatal attraction to this older man of importance and means.

Through flashbacks to Kelly’s past, we learn how she came to be interested in politics through her family’s connections, her own experiences, and her carefully formed opinions. Just like Mary Jo, Kelly is a young, impassioned woman with the future ahead of her—a future that is shattered with one poor decision to get in the car with a man who has probably had too much to drink.

We learn about the Senator’s background and character mainly through Kelly’s impressions—what she thought she knew before meeting him and his attentiveness to her. Because we never really get into his mind, his character is kept more at arm’s length, which adds to his looming presence in the story. Oates makes the tale even more chilling by recounting the car accident in different ways throughout the story, capturing in excruciating detail how Kelly must have thought and felt during her final moments.


Download PDF Print Page Citation Share Link

Last Updated on October 26, 2018, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 713

Black Water is a fictional tragedy that refuses to abandon its origins in American political history. “The Senator,” the powerful fifty-something politician whose name is never given beyond his title, arrives at a Fourth of July party hosted by Buffy St. John at her parents’ home on Grayling Island, a twenty-minute ferry ride from Boothbay Harbor, Maine. During the course of this afternoon, which he spends talking, drinking, and playing tennis with the younger people gathered at the party, he captivates Kelly Kelleher, and the two of them leave late that evening to catch the last ferry off the island, to have dinner in Boothbay Harbor, and, presumably, to spend the night at the motel where The Senator is staying.

Yet something goes terribly wrong. The drunken senator misses the ferry road and ends up on a narrow and abandoned track. Kelly says, “I think we’re lost, Senator,” but it is finally Kelly who is lost. In the rush to catch the ferry, the rented car skids off the road and plunges into the deceptively deep Indian Creek. The car overturns in the water; The Senator escapes by scrambling over Kelly, who, pinned in the car with broken bones, slowly drowns. The Senator stumbles several miles to call his friend Ray Annick back at the party for help; the accident, he yells into the phone, was the girl’s fault.

The events follow closely the July, 1969, incident at Chappaquiddick, Massachusetts, when thirty-seven-year-old Senator Ted Kennedy left the scene of a similar accident and Mary Jo Kopechne was drowned. The major difference is time; while the model occurred decades earlier, Joyce Carol Oates brings this incident up to the present. Still, readers are witnessing a fictional version of recent political, but very personal, history.

Although Kennedy is never named, many other political players are; The Senator, for example, is described as “eleven years younger than George...

(The entire section contains 1022 words.)

Unlock This Study Guide Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this Black Water study guide. You'll get access to all of the Black Water content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

  • Summary
  • Themes
  • Characters
  • Analysis
  • Quotes
  • Critical Essays
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial